Phyllanthus emblica L.

 
  • Family : EUPHORBIACEAE
    (Spurge Family)
  • Family (Hindi name) : AMLA FAMILY (आँवला फैमिली)
  • Family (as per The APG System III) : Phyllanthaceae
  • Synonym(s) : Emblica officinalis Gaertn.
  • Species Name (as per The IPNI) : Phyllanthus emblica L.
  • Common name : Indian Gooseberry, Emblic Myrobalan
  • Vernacular name :
    • Amlika, Aonla (Hindi)
    • Bettada nelli kaayi (Kannada)
    • Nelli (Tamil)
    • Aamlaki (Sanskrit)
    • Amla (Marathi)
    • Amla, Anula (Oria)
    • Amalakamu, Pedda Usirikaya (Telugu)
    • Amalakam, Nelli (Malayalam)
  • Habit : Tree
  • Comments / notes : On hills above 800m, on exposed slopes. Also cultivated for its edible berry rich in Vitamin C.
  • Flower, Fruit : July-May
  • Distribution :
    • Andhra Pradesh : Srikakulam district, Vishakapatnam district, Vizianagaram district, East Godavari district, West Godavari district, Krishna district, Guntur district, Prakasam district, Kurnool district, Nellore district, Kadapa district, Anantapur district, Chittoor district
    • Telangana : Khammam district, Nalgonda district, Mehboobnagar district
    • Karnataka : Bellary district
    • Kerala : All districts of Kerala
    • Maharashtra : Akola district
    • Tamil Nadu : Alagar Hills (Madurai district), Kolli Hills (Namakkal district), Shevaroy Hills (Salem district), Kalrayan Hills (Salem district), Pachamalai Hills (Tiruchirapalli district), Bodamalai Hills (Salem district), Chitteri Hills (Vellore district), Sirumalai Hills (Dindigul district), Yelagiri Hills (Vellore district), Dharmapuri Hills (Dharmapuri district), Piranmalai Hills (Sivaganga district), Theerthamalai Hills (Dharmapuri district), Gingee Hill (Villipuram district), Javadu Hills (Tiruvannamalai district)
  • World Distribution : India, Himalayas, Myanmar, China, Malaysia, Nepal
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Literature :
    • J.L.Ellis, 1990- Flora of Nallamalais Vol. 2
    • H.O. Saxena & M. Brahmam, 1995- Flora of Orissa Vol. 3
    • R. S. Rao et al., 1986 - Flora of West Godavari District
    • R. S. Rao and S. H. Sreeramulu, 1986 - Flora of Srikakulam District
    • H. O. Saxena and M. Brahmam, 1989 - The Flora of Similipahar (Similipal), Orissa
    • Matthew, K.M., The Flora of Tamil Nadu Carnatic, Vol.3 (2). Diocesan Press, Madras. 1983
    • Sasidharan, N. 2011. Flowering plants of Kerala. DVD, V 2, KFRI.
  • Read more :
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Deepak Kumar (2024). India Flora Online. http://indiafloraonline-ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Phyllanthus emblica. Downloaded on 30 May 2024.

Botanical Description

Herbarium Specimen(s)

Line Drawings

Field Image(s)

India Distribution

World Distribution

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