Ocimum sanctum L.

 
  • Family : LAMIACEAE
    (Mint Family)
  • Family (Hindi name) : TULSI FAMILY (तुलसी फैमिली)
  • Family (as per The APG System III) : Lamiaceae
  • Synonym(s) : Ocimum tenuiflorum L.; Geniosporum tenuiflorum (L.) Merr.
  • Species Name (as per The IPNI) : Ocimum tenuiflorum L.
  • Common name : Holy Basil, Sacred Basil, Basil
  • Vernacular name :
    • Kalatulsi (Hindi)
    • Tulasi, Sri Tulasi (Kannada)
    • Nallathulasi (Tamil)
    • Tulsi (Sanskrit)
    • Tulas, Kalitulasi (Marathi)
    • Manchi Tulasi, Nalla tulasi (Telugu)
    • Govindapushpam, Krishnathulasi, Thulasi, Thrithavu, Karuthathrithavu (Malayalam)
  • Habit : Undershrub
  • Habitat : Scrub forests, deciduous forests and wastelands
  • Comments / notes : On plains, especially in the gravelly soils. Often cultivated near houses and places of worship.
  • Flower, Fruit : Throughout the year
  • Distribution :
    • Andhra Pradesh : All districts of Andhra Pradesh
    • Telangana : All districts of Telangana
    • Goa : All districts of Goa
    • Karnataka : All districts of Karnataka
    • Kerala : All districts of Kerala
    • Maharashtra : All districts of Maharashtra
    • Odisha : All districts of Odish
    • Tamil Nadu : All districts of Tamil Nadu
  • Native : Andaman Islands, Bangladesh, Bismarck Archipelago, Borneo, Cambodia, Caroline Islands, China, Bhutan, Hainan, India, Jawa, Laos, Lesser Sunda Islands, Malaya, Maluku, Marianas, Marshall Islands, Myanmar, Nepal, New Guinea, Nicobar Islands, Pakistan, Phili
  • World Distribution : Paleotropics
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Literature :
    • Pullaiah et al., 2011 - Flora of Eastern Ghats Vol. 4
    • J.L.Ellis, 1990- Flora of Nallamalais Vol. 2
    • H.O. Saxena & M. Brahmam, 1995- Flora of Orissa Vol. 2
    • R. S. Rao et al., 1986 - Flora of West Godavari District
    • R. S. Rao and S. H. Sreeramulu, 1986 - Flora of Srikakulam District
    • Matthew, K.M., The Flora of Tamil Nadu Carnatic, Vol.3 (1). Diocesan Press, Madras. 1983
    • Sasidharan, N. 2011. Flowering plants of Kerala. DVD, V 2, KFRI.
  • Read more :
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Deepak Kumar (2024). India Flora Online. http://indiafloraonline-ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Ocimum sanctum. Downloaded on 27 May 2024.

Botanical Description

Herbarium Specimen(s)

Line Drawings

Field Image(s)

India Distribution

World Distribution

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