Acacia polyacantha Willd.

 
  • Family : MIMOSACEAE
    (Pea Or Bean Family)
  • Family (Hindi name) : BABOOL FAMILY (बबूल फैमिली)
  • Family (as per The APG System III) : Leguminosae
  • Subfamily : Mimosoideae
  • Synonym(s) : Mimosa suma Roxb.; Acacia suma (Roxb.) Buch.-Ham. ex J. Voigt
  • Species Name (as per The IPNI) : Acacia polyacantha Willd.
  • Common name : White Cutch tree, White catechu
  • Vernacular name :
    • Swetakhair (Hindi)
    • Muguli (Kannada)
    • Kovaalai mullu maram (Tamil)
    • Tellachandra, Tellasundra (Telugu)
    • Gonhareu, Somi (Oria)
    • Kadarah (Sanskrit)
    • Sonkhairi (Marathi)
    • Venkaringali, Somarayatholi (Malayalam)
  • Habit : Tree
  • Habitat : Tropical dry deciduous forests
  • Comments / notes : In foothills to 900m. Bark used for tannin
  • Key identification features : Bark white or greyish smooth peeling off in small papery flaks, marked at intervels by horizontal patches of darker colour; flowers white
  • Flower, Fruit : February-October
  • Distribution :
    • Karnataka : Ballari district, Kolar district, Belagavi district, Bidar district, Chitradurga district, Hassan district, Mysuru district, Tumakuru district, Uttara Kannada district
    • Kerala : Palakkad district
    • Maharashtra : Akola district
    • Odisha : Puri district, Kalhandi district
    • Tamil Nadu : Dharmapuri district, Coimbatore district, The Nilgiri district, Tiruvannamalai district, Vellore district, Salem district, Villipuram district, Cuddalore district, Tiruchirapalli district, Tirunelveli district
  • World Distribution : India, Sri Lanka, Tropical Africa, Madagascar, introduced in Caribbean
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Literature :
    • H.O. Saxena & M. Brahmam, 1994- Flora of Orissa Vol. 1
    • N.P.Singh, 1988. Flora of Eastern Karnataka
    • Matthew, K.M., Flora of Tamil Nadu Carnatic, Vol.3 (1). Diocesan Press, Madras. 1983
    • Sasidharan, N. 2011. Flowering plants of Kerala. DVD, V 2, KFRI
    • Henry, Kumari & Chithra (1983). Flora of Tamil Nadu, India vol. 1
    • Saldanha & Nicolson, 1976 - Hassan
    • Saldanha, 1984
    • Rao & Razi, 1981 - Mysore
  • Read more :
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Deepak Kumar (2024). India Flora Online. http://indiafloraonline-ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Acacia polyacantha. Downloaded on 15 June 2024.

Botanical Description

Field Image(s)

Habitat

India Distribution

World Distribution

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