Mucuna monosperma DC. ex Wight

 
  • Family : FABACEAE
    (Pea Or Bean Family)
  • Family (Hindi name) : PALASH FAMILY (पलाश फैमिली)
  • Family (as per The APG System III) : Leguminosae
  • Subfamily : Faboideae
  • Synonym(s) : Carpopogon anguineus Roxb. ex Baker; Carpopogon monospermus (Roxb. ex Wight) Roxb.; Mucuna anguina Wall.; Mucuna corymbosa Graham; Mucuna cristata Buch.-Ham. ex Wall.; Stizolobium monospermum Kuntze
  • Species Name (as per The IPNI) : Mucuna monosperma Roxb. ex Wight
  • Common name : Elephant scratch wort
  • Vernacular name :
    • Aane ippe balli, Nisaranga (Kannada)
    • Periyattalargai, Thelu-kodi (Tamil)
    • Enuga dulagondi, Peddadulagondi (Telugu)
    • Sarni, Tekka, Bai donka (Oria)
    • Kapikachhu (Sanskrit)
    • Malanthalli (Malayalam)
  • Habit : Liana
  • Habitat : Tropical evergreen forests, Tropical dry deciduous forests, Tropical moist deciduous forests
  • Key identification features : Flowers purple on long corymbose racemes
  • Flower, Fruit : November-April
  • Distribution :
    • Andhra Pradesh : Vishakapatnam district, East Godavari district, Srikakulam district
    • Karnataka : Uttara Kannada district, Hassan district
    • Kerala : Kannur district, Wayanad district, Malappuram district, Palakkad district, Idukki district, Pathanamthitta district, Kollam district
    • Odisha : Ganjam district, Gajapati district, Rayagada district, Koraput district, Puri district
    • Tamil Nadu : Coimbatore district, Tiruchirapalli district
    • Andaman and Nicobar Islands : Andaman and Nicobar Island
  • Native : Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Myanmar, Thailand
  • Exotic/Native : Native
  • World Distribution : Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Myanmar, Thailand
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Literature :
    • Pullaiah et al., 2001 - Flora of Eastern Ghats Vol. 2
    • H.O. Saxena & M. Brahmam, 1994- Flora of Orissa Vol. 1
    • R. S. Rao and S. H. Sreeramulu, 1986 - Flora of Srikakulam District
    • Sasidharan, N. 2011. Flowering plants of Kerala. DVD, V 2, KFRI
    • Henry, Kumari & Chithra (1983). Flora of Tamil Nadu, India vol. 1.
    • Parkinson, C.E. 1923. A Forest Flora of the Andaman Islands, Govt. of India, Shimla
    • 146
  • Read more :
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Deepak Kumar (2024). India Flora Online. http://indiafloraonline-ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Mucuna monosperma. Downloaded on 17 June 2024.

Botanical Description

Herbarium Specimen(s)

Line Drawings

Field Image(s)

Habitat

India Distribution

World Distribution

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