Memecylon umbellatum N. Burman

 
  • Family : MELASTOMATACEAE
    (Melastoma Family)
  • Family (Hindi name) : ANJAN FAMILY (अंजन फैमिली)
  • Family (as per The APG System III) : Melastomataceae
  • Species Name (as per The IPNI) : Memecylon umbellatum Burm.f.
  • Common name : Iron-wood tree
  • Vernacular name :
    • Mundi, Alle, Archara (Kannada)
    • Kayambu (Tamil)
    • Alli, Midalli, Kukkalli, Uddalalli, Peddalli (Telugu)
    • Niresh, Niras, Naresho, Bonohorono, Dalsundaro, Paikiri (Oria)
    • Anakkayavu, Anjanamaram, Kanali, Kalayam, Kannavu, Kayampoomaram, Kasavu, Netunjetti (Malayalam)
  • Habit : Large shrub or small Tree
  • Habitat : Along rocks in ravines and slopes of Tropical semi-evergreen forests, also in sholas, Tropical dry deciduous forests
  • Comments / notes : Small tree. Occasional on plains to 1000m.
  • Flower, Fruit : February-September
  • Collector(s) Name : C.J.Saldanha; C.J.Saldanha, K.P.Sreenath, S.R.Ramesh
  • Collection Date : 25-05-1979, 04-08-1979
  • Collection Nos : KFP 7934, KFP 8884
  • Collection Locality : Coastal hills around Karwar, Uttara Kannada district; Thakkata, near Coondapur, Dakshina Kannada district
  • Distribution :
    • Andhra Pradesh : Chittoor district, Kurnool district, Srikakulam district, West Godavari district, Kadapa district
    • Karnataka : Chikkamagaluru district, Dakshina Kannada district, Hassan district, Kodagu (Coorg) district, Mysuru district, Shivamogga district, Udupi district, Uttara Kannada district
    • Kerala : All districts of Kerala
    • Maharashtra : Satara district, Thane district
    • Odisha : Cuttack district, Mayurbhanj district, Ganjam district, Angul district, Kalhandi district, Keonjhar district
    • Tamil Nadu : Namakkal district, The Nilgiri district, Coimbatore district
    • Meghalaya : Meghalaya
    • Assam : Assam
    • Nagaland : Nagaland
    • Mizoram : Mizoram
    • Andaman and Nicobar Islands : Andaman and Nicobar Islands
    • Manipur : Manipur
    • Tripura : Tripura
  • Native : Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Cambodia, India, Jawa, Malaya, Myanmar, Sri Lanka, Vietnam
  • Exotic/Native : Native
  • World Distribution : Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Cambodia, India, Jawa, Malaya, Myanmar, Sri Lanka, Vietnam
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Literature :
    • Pullaiah et al., 2007 - Flora of Eastern Ghats Vol. 3
    • J.L.Ellis, 1987- Flora of Nallamalais Vol. 1
    • H.O. Saxena & M. Brahmam, 1995- Flora of Orissa Vol. 2
    • R. S. Rao et al., 1986 - Flora of West Godavari District
    • R. S. Rao and S. H. Sreeramulu, 1986 - Flora of Srikakulam District
    • H. O. Saxena and M. Brahmam, 1989 - The Flora of Similipahar (Similipal), Orissa
    • N.P.Singh, 1988. Flora of Eastern Karnataka
    • Matthew, K.M., Flora of Tamil Nadu Carnatic, Vol.3 (1). Diocesan Press, Madras. 1983
    • Sasidharan, N. 2011. Flowering plants of Kerala. DVD, V 2, KFRI.
  • Read more :
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Deepak Kumar (2024). India Flora Online. http://indiafloraonline-ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Memecylon umbellatum. Downloaded on 25 May 2024.

Botanical Description

Herbarium Specimen(s)

Line Drawings

Field Image(s)

Habitat

India Distribution

World Distribution

Creative Commons License
India Flora Online by Herbarium JCB is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.