Melilotus officinalis (L.) Lam.

 
  • Family : FABACEAE
    (Pea Or Bean Family)
  • Family (Hindi name) : PALASH FAMILY (पलाश फैमिली)
  • Family (as per The APG System III) : Leguminosae
  • Subfamily : Faboideae
  • Synonym(s) : Brachylobus officinalis (L.) Dulac; Medicago officinalis (L.) E.H.L.Krause; Melilotus armenus Boiss.; Melilotus arvensis Wallr.; Melilotus bungeanus Boiss.; Melilotus citrinus Duval ex Steud.; Melilotus diffusus W.D.J.Koch ex DC.; Melilotus expansus Rchb.; Melilotus flavus Pall.; Melilotus kochianus DC.; Melilotus longipedicellatus Rosbach; Melilotus lutescens Gilib.; Melilotus luteus Gueldenst.; Melilotus luxurians Shuttlew. ex Rouy & Foucaud; Melilotus macrorhizus Besser; Melilotus macrospermus K.Koch ex Boiss.; Melilotus mauritanicus Willd.; Melilotus maximus Legrand; Melilotus melilotus-officinalis (Crantz) Asch. & Graebn.; Melilotus montanus Gaudin; Melilotus nebrodensis Jord. ex Nyman; Melilotus neglectus Ten.; Melilotus officinalis var. maximus (Legrand) Kojic; Melilotus pallidus Besser; Melilotus paluster Menyh.; Melilotus palustris (Waldst. & Kit.) Schult.; Melilotus petitpierreanus Willd.; Melilotus petitpierrianus Willd. ex Ces., Pass. & Gibelli; Melilotus rugosus Gilib.; Melilotus virescens Jord.; Sertula arvensis (Wallr.) Kuntze; Sertula bungeana (Boiss.) Kuntze; Sertula maior Lunell; Sertula officinalis (L.) Kuntze; Sertula pallida (Besser) Kuntze; Trifolium mauritianum Steud.; Trifolium melilotus-mauritanicum Schousb.; Trifolium melilotus-officinarum Crantz; Trifolium officinale L.; Trifolium palustre Waldst. & Kit.; Trifolium petitpierreanum Hayne; Trifolium vulgare Hayne; Trigonella officinalis (L.) Coulot & Rabaute
  • Species Name (as per The IPNI) : Melilotus officinalis (L.) Lam.
  • Common name : Sweet yellow clover, Yellow melilot, Ribbed melilot
  • Habit : Shrub
  • Habitat : Grassy fields and roadsides, avoiding acid soils
  • Comments / notes : The dried leaves can be toxic. though the fresh leaves are quite safe to use. This is possibly due to the presence of coumarin, the substance that gives some dried plants the smell of new mown hay, if taken internally it can prevent the blood clotting.
  • Distribution :
    • Ladakh : Ladakh
  • Native : Afghanistan, Albania, Altay, Austria, Baleares, Belarus, Bulgaria, Central European Rus, Czechoslovakia, East European Russia, France, Germany, Greece, Gulf States, Hungary, Iran, Iraq, Italy, Kazakhstan, Kirgizstan, Krasnoyarsk, Krym, North Caucasus, Nor
  • Exotic/Native : Native
  • World Distribution : Alabama, Algeria, Amur, Argentina Northeast, Argentina South, Baltic States, Bangladesh, Belgium, Bolivia, Buryatiya, California, Cape Provinces, Chile Central, Chile South, China North-Central, China South-Central, China Southeast, Colorado, Cuba, Denmark, Finland, Great Britain, Idaho, Illinois, Ireland, Irkutsk, Japan, Kamchatka, Kentucky, Kenya, Kerguelen, Labrador, Lebanon-Syria, Libya, Minnesota, Morocco, Netherlands, Nevada, New Mexico, New South Wales, New York, New Zealand North, New Zealand South, Newfoundland, North European Russi, Northern Provinces, Norway, Oregon, Primorye, Queensland, Sakhalin, South Australia, Sweden, Tasmania, Tennessee, Texas, Tunisia, Uruguay, Vermont, Victoria, Washington, Western Australia, Wisconsin, Yakutskiya
  • Literature :
    • Photographs of Dr. M Sanjappa
  • Read more :
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Deepak Kumar (2024). India Flora Online. http://indiafloraonline-ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Melilotus officinalis. Downloaded on 14 June 2024.

Field Image(s)

India Distribution

World Distribution

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