Melia azedarach L.

 
  • Family : MELIACEAE
    (Mahogany Or Neem Family)
  • Family (Hindi name) : NEEM FAMILY (नीम फैमिली)
  • Family (as per The APG System III) : Meliaceae
  • Synonym(s) : Azedara speciosa Raf.; Melia angustifolia Schumach. & Thonn.
  • Species Name (as per The IPNI) : Melia azedarach L.
  • Common name : Persian Lilac, Bastard Cedar, Bead tree, Indian lilac, Persian lilac, Pride of India, White Cedar
  • Vernacular name :
    • Bakaayan, Nim, Bakain, Drek (Hindi)
    • Malay vembu (Tamil)
    • Hucchu Bevu, Turuka Bevu (Kannada)
    • Vettiveppa, Turuka vepa (Telugu)
    • Mahanimbo (Oria)
    • Maha nimba (Sanskrit)
    • Bakavan, Bakain, Bakan nimb, Pejry (Marathi)
    • Malaveppu, Kattuveppu, Valiyaveppu (Malayalam)
  • Habit : Tree
  • Habitat : Moist and dry deciduous forests
  • Comments / notes : The tree deserves a place in avenues and in the gardens near the ancient monuments of Delhi and New Delhi
  • Flower, Fruit : January-September
  • Distribution :
    • Andhra Pradesh : Kurnool district, Srikakulam district, Chittoor district, Vishakapatnam district, Anantapur district
    • Kerala : All districts of Kerala
    • Odisha : Planted roadsides
    • Tamil Nadu : Salem district, Kanchipuram (Changalpattu-CGP) district, Coimbatore district, Dharmapuri district, The Nilgiri district, Salem district, Villipuram district, Cuddalore district, Tiruchirapalli district
    • Haryana : Gurgaon district
  • Native : W.Himalayas
  • World Distribution : Himalayas, India, Myanmar, China, Pakistan, Iran, Turkey, Africa, Australia
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Literature :
    • Pullaiah et al., 2002 - Flora of Eastern Ghats Vol. 1
    • H.O. Saxena & M. Brahmam, 1994- Flora of Orissa Vol. 1
    • Matthew, K.M., Flora of Tamil Nadu Carnatic, Vol.3 (1). Diocesan Press, Madras. 1983
    • Sasidharan, N. 2011. Flowering plants of Kerala. DVD, V 2, KFRI
    • Henry, Kumari & Chithra (1983). Flora of Tamil Nadu, India vol. 1.
    • Maheshwari K.J (1963). Flora of Delhi: 99-100
  • Read more :
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Deepak Kumar (2024). India Flora Online. http://indiafloraonline-ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Melia azedarach. Downloaded on 25 May 2024.

Botanical Description

Herbarium Specimen(s)

Line Drawings

Field Image(s)

India Distribution

World Distribution

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