Medicago sativa L.

 
  • Family : FABACEAE
    (Pea Or Bean Family)
  • Family (Hindi name) : PALASH FAMILY (पलाश फैमिली)
  • Family (as per The APG System III) : Leguminosae
  • Subfamily : Faboideae
  • Species Name (as per The IPNI) : Medicago sativa L.
  • Common name : Lucerne, alfalfa, common purple lucerne, common lucerne, purple alfalfa, purple medick
  • Vernacular name :
    • Vilayati ghas (Gujarati)
    • Lusan ghas (Hindi)
    • Lusarne soppu, Vilaayiti hullu (Kannada)
    • Vilayati gavat (Marathi)
    • Dureshta, Sinjhi (Oriya)
    • Ashvabala (Sanskrit)
    • Kutirai macal (Tamil)
  • Habit : Herb
  • Habitat : Cultivated throughout India, often escaped to roadsides, fields, grasslands, and stream banks
  • Comments / notes : Cultivated on the hills.
  • Flower, Fruit : March-May
  • Distribution :
    • Odisha : Common
    • Uttarakhand : Uttarakhand
  • Native : Mediterranian
  • Exotic/Native : Exotic
  • World Distribution : Mediterranean, West Asia, Temperate regions of the world.
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Literature :
    • H.O. Saxena & M. Brahmam, 1994- Flora of Orissa Vol. 1
    • Matthew, K.M., Flora of Tamil Nadu Carnatic, Vol.3 (1). Diocesan Press, Madras. 1983.
    • Uniyal B.P., Sharma J.R., Choudhery U., Singh D.K. (2007). Flowering Plants of Uttarakhand: A Checklist. Bishen Singh Mahendra Pal Singh: 109
  • Read more :
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Deepak Kumar (2024). India Flora Online. http://indiafloraonline-ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Medicago sativa. Downloaded on 24 June 2024.

Herbarium Specimen(s)

Field Image(s)

Habitat

India Distribution

World Distribution

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