Medicago lupulina L.

 
  • Family : FABACEAE
    (Pea Or Bean Family)
  • Family (Hindi name) : PALASH FAMILY (पलाश फैमिली)
  • Family (as per The APG System III) : Leguminosae
  • Subfamily : Faboideae
  • Synonym(s) : Lupularia parviflora Opiz; Lupulina aurata Noulet; Medica lupulina (L.) Scop.; Medicago apennina J.Woods; Medicago breviflora Gilib.; Medicago canescens Menyh.; Medicago ciliaris Lucé; Medicago corymbifera W.L.E.Schmidt ex Schltdl.; Medicago cupianiana Guss.; Medicago lupulina subvar. eriocarpa Rouy; Medicago mniocarpa Wallr. ex Ser.; Medicago reniformis Dulac; Medicago revoilii H.J.Coste & Soulié; Medicago rigidula var. eriocarpa Rouy; Medicago stipularis Wallr.; Medicago willdenowii Mérat; Medicula lupulina (L.) Medik.; Medicula lupulina subsp. jalasii (Rothm.) Holub; Medicula lupulina subsp. willdenowiana (W.D.J.Koch) Holub; Melilotus lupulinus (L.) Trautv.; Melilotus medicaginoides Zumagl.; Trifolium lupulinum (L.) Savi; Trigonella mniocarpa Wallr. ex DC.
  • Species Name (as per The IPNI) : Medicago lupulina L.
  • Common name : Black Medic, Hop-clover, Black Medick
  • Habit : Herb
  • Habitat : Stream banks, roadsides, waste fields, woodland margins in Himalayas, at altitudes of 1000-4000 m.
  • Comments / notes : It is used as animal food
  • Flower, Fruit : January-February
  • Distribution :
    • Gujarat : Sabarkantha district
    • Uttarakhand : Uttarakhand
  • Native : Macaronesia, Europe to Cacucasus, North & NorthEast Tropical Africa to Arabian Peninsula Indian Subcontinent to China
  • Exotic/Native : Native
  • World Distribution : Cosmopolitan except Australia, Antarctica and Arctic
  • Literature :
    • Shah G. L. (1978). Flora of Gujarat State Part 1. University Press Sardar Patel University: 229
    • Uniyal B.P., Sharma J.R., Choudhery U., Singh D.K. (2007). Flowering Plants of Uttarakhand: A Checklist. Bishen Singh Mahendra Pal Singh: 109
  • Read more :
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Deepak Kumar (2024). India Flora Online. http://indiafloraonline-ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Medicago lupulina. Downloaded on 15 June 2024.

India Distribution

World Distribution

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