Aphananthe cuspidata (Blume) Planch.

 
  • Family : ULMACEAE
    (Elm Family)
  • Family (Hindi name) : KHIRK FAMILY
  • Family (as per The APG System III) : Cannabaceae
  • Basionym : Cyclostemon cuspidatum Blume
  • Synonym(s) : Aphananthe lissophylla Gagnep.; Aphananthe lucida (Kurz) J.-F.Leroy; Aphananthe yunnanensis (Hu) Grudz.; Celtis reticulata Hook.f. & Thomson ex Planch.; Galumpita cuspidata Blume; Gironniera curranii Merr.; Gironniera cuspidata (Blume) Kurz; Gironniera lucida Kurz; Gironniera nitida Benth.; Gironniera reticulata Thwaites; Gironniera thompsonii King ex A.M.Cowan & Cowan; Gironniera yunnanensis Hu; Helminthospermum glabrescens Thwaites ex Planch.; Sponia cuspidata (Blume) W.Theob.; Sponia subserrata Kurz
  • Species Name (as per The IPNI) : Aphananthe cuspidata (Blume) Planch.
  • Vernacular name :
    • Kodithani (Tamil)
    • Bhuthiyunarthi, Thondupoliyan (Malayalam)
  • Habit : Tree
  • Habitat : Tropical semi-evergreen forests, Tropical evergreen forests
  • Key identification features : Trunk buttressed
  • Flower, Fruit : February-May
  • Distribution :
    • Karnataka : Chikkamagaluru district, Hassan district, Kodagu (Coorg) district
    • Kerala : Wayanad district, Kozhikode district, Malappuram district, Palakkad district
    • Tamil Nadu : Kolli Hills (Namakkal district)
    • Sikkim : Sikkim
    • West Bengal : West Bengal
    • Arunachal Pradesh : Arunachal Pradesh
    • Meghalaya : Meghalaya
    • Assam : Assam
    • Nagaland : Nagaland
    • Mizoram : Mizoram
    • Andaman and Nicobar Islands : North and Middle Andaman,South Andaman
    • Manipur : Manipur
    • Tripura : Tripura
  • Native : Andaman Islands, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Borneo, China, Hainan, India, Jawa, Laos, Lesser Sunda Islands, Myanmar, Philippines, Sri Lanka, Sulawesi, Sumatera, Thailand, Vietnam
  • Exotic/Native : Native
  • World Distribution : Andaman Islands, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Borneo, China, Hainan, India, Jawa, Laos, Lesser Sunda Islands, Myanmar, Philippines, Sri Lanka, Sulawesi, Sumatera, Thailand, Vietnam
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Literature :
    • Matthew, K.M., The Flora of Tamil Nadu Carnatic, Vol.3 (2). Diocesan Press, Madras. 1983
    • Sasidharan, N. 2011. Flowering plants of Kerala. DVD, V 2, KFRI
    • Cecil J. Saldanha, S. R. Ramesh (1984). Flora of Karnataka State vol. 1. Oxford and IBH Publishing Co, New Delhi
    • Gowda, 2004 – Flora of Sringeri
    • Keshava Murthy & Yoganarasimhan, 1990 – Flora of Coorg
    • Parkinson, C.E. 1923. A Forest Flora of the Andaman Islands, Govt. of India, Shimla
    • 246
  • Read more :
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Deepak Kumar (2024). India Flora Online. http://indiafloraonline-ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Aphananthe cuspidata. Downloaded on 29 May 2024.

Botanical Description

Herbarium Specimen(s)

Field Image(s)

Habitat

India Distribution

World Distribution

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