Mallotus philippensis (Lam.) Müll.Arg.

 
  • Family : EUPHORBIACEAE
    (Spurge Family)
  • Family (Hindi name) : AMLA FAMILY (आँवला फैमिली)
  • Family (as per The APG System III) : Euphorbiaceae
  • Basionym : Croton philippensis Lam.
  • Synonym(s) : Aconceveibum trinerve Miq.; Copianthus indicus Hill; Croton coccineus Vahl; Croton montanus Willd.; Croton philippensis Lam.; Croton punctatus Retz.; Echinus philippensis (Lam.) Baill.; Macaranga stricta (Rchb.f. & Zoll.) Müll.Arg.; Mallotus bicarpellatus T.Kuros.; Mallotus reticulatus Dunn; Mappa stricta Rchb.f. & Zoll.; Rottlera affinis Hassk.; Rottlera aurantiaca Hook. & Arn.; Rottlera philippensis (Lam.) Scheff.; Rottlera tinctoria Roxb.; Tanarius strictus (Rchb.f. & Zoll.) Kuntze
  • Species Name (as per The IPNI) : Mallotus philippensis (Lam.) Mull.Arg.
  • Common name : Kamala Tree, Monkey face tree
  • Vernacular name :
    • Sindur, Kamala, Rohii (Hindi)
    • Kampillaka, Kumkumada mara (Kannada)
    • Kunnancholai, Korangumanjanathi (Tamil)
    • Kampillaka (Sanskrit)
    • Shendri (Marathi)
    • Sinduri, Kunkumo, Kapilo gundi, Sundari gudi (Oria)
    • Naga racta, Sinduri, Sindhuramu (Telugu)
    • Chenkolli, Kapila, Kuramaddaku, Kurangumanjal, Manjanampottu, Noorimaram, Ponoo, Ponnakam, Shenkolli, Sindooram, Thavatta (Malayalam)
  • Habit : Tree
  • Habitat : Mixed forests
  • Comments / notes : Often on hills to 800m, on slopes, by shola borders and in forest clearings. Very common. Fruits are bright red and are used to extract dye.
  • Flower, Fruit : June-March
  • Collector(s) Name : Arun Singh & Raja K. Swmay
  • Collection Date : 09/12/2014
  • Collection Nos : HJCB-0021
  • Collection Locality : Pudunur R.F., Javadu Hills, Tiruvannamalai district (TN)
  • Distribution :
    • Andhra Pradesh : Common
    • Telangana : Common
    • Karnataka : All Districts
    • Kerala : All districts of Kerala
    • Maharashtra : Akola district
    • Odisha : Fairly common in forests
    • Arunachal Pradesh : Arunachal Pradesh
    • Uttar Pradesh : Maharajganj district
    • Andaman and Nicobar Islands : Ritchie\'s Archipelago taluk (Havelock Island),Long Island
  • World Distribution : India, Sri Lanka, Western Himalayas, Formosa, Malesia, Australia, Melanesia
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Literature :
    • J.L.Ellis, 1990- Flora of Nallamalais Vol. 2
    • H.O. Saxena & M. Brahmam, 1995- Flora of Orissa Vol. 3
    • R. S. Rao et al., 1986 - Flora of West Godavari District
    • R. S. Rao and S. H. Sreeramulu, 1986 - Flora of Srikakulam District
    • H. O. Saxena and M. Brahmam, 1989 - The Flora of Similipahar (Similipal), Orissa
    • N.P.Singh, 1988. Flora of Eastern Karnataka
    • Matthew, K.M., The Flora of Tamil Nadu Carnatic, Vol.3 (2). Diocesan Press, Madras. 1983
    • Sasidharan, N. 2011. Flowering plants of Kerala. DVD, V 2, KFRI
    • Kamble & Pradhan, 1988. Flora of Akola District, Maharashtra. Botanical Survey of India.
    • Parkinson, C.E. 1923. A Forest Flora of the Andaman Islands, Govt. of India, Shimla
    • 241
  • Read more :
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Deepak Kumar (2024). India Flora Online. http://indiafloraonline-ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Mallotus philippensis. Downloaded on 27 May 2024.

Botanical Description

Herbarium Specimen(s)

Line Drawings

Field Image(s)

India Distribution

World Distribution

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