Luffa acutangula (L.) Roxb.

 
  • Family : CUCURBITACEAE
    (Gourd Or Melon Family)
  • Family (Hindi name) : KHARBOOZA FAMILY (खरबूजा फैमिली)
  • Family (as per The APG System III) : Cucurbitaceae
  • Synonym(s) : Cucumis acutangulus L.; Cucumis lineatus Bosc; Cucumis megacarpus G.Don; Cucumis operculatus Roxb. ex Wight & Arn.; Cucurbita acutangula (L.) Blume; Cucurbita campanulata D.Dietr.; Cucurbita umbellata J.G.Klein ex Willd.; Luffa acutangula f. amara (Roxb.) W.J.de Wilde & Duyfjes; Luffa acutangula var. amara (Roxb.) C.B.Clarke; Luffa amara Roxb.; Luffa cattu-picinna Ser.; Luffa drastica Mart.; Luffa fluminensis M.Roem.; Luffa foetida Cav.; Luffa forskalii Schweinf. ex Harms; Luffa forskalii Beck & F.Abel; Luffa gosa Buch.-Ham.; Luffa kleinii Wight & Arn.; Luffa plukenetiana Ser.; Luffa tenera Royle; Luffa umbellata (J.G.Klein ex Willd.) M.Roem.; Momordica tubiflora Wall.; Trichosanthes amara Blanco
  • Species Name (as per The IPNI) : Luffa acutangula (L.) Roxb.
  • Common name : Bitter Luffa, wild luffa, Wild ribbed gourd, Wild ridge gourd
  • Vernacular name :
    • Tita dhundul (Bengali)
    • Kadvi ghisodi (Gujarati)
    • Ban turai, Karviturai, Karvitori (Hindi)
    • Kahihireya balli (Kannada)
    • Kodu ghosaale (Konkani)
    • Mayang sebot (Manipuri)
    • Kattu peechil, Kattu peechinga (Malayalam)
    • Divali, Kadu-dodaki (Marathi)
    • Jalini, Tikta-koshataki (Sanskrit)
    • Akaca-veni, Pey-p-pirkku, Tittakocataki (Tamil)
    • Adavi bira, Chedu bira, Verri bira (Telugu)
    • Ban turai (Urdu)
    • Awmpawng (Mizo)
  • Habit : Climber
  • Habitat : Tropical moist deciduous forests and also along roadsides, Cultivated
  • Comments / notes : The immature fruit is eaten as a popular vegetable and is widely cultivated.
  • Key identification features : Fruits small and obovoid, bitter in taste
  • Flower, Fruit : Throughout the year
  • Distribution :
    • Andhra Pradesh : Andhra Pradesh
    • Kerala : Malappuram district, Thrissur district
    • Maharashtra : Thane district
    • Odisha : Odisha
    • Uttarakhand : Uttarakhand
    • Sikkim : Sikkim
    • West Bengal : Darjeeling district
    • Himachal Pradesh : Himachal Pradesh
    • Arunachal Pradesh : Arunachal Pradesh
    • Meghalaya : Meghalaya
    • Assam : Assam
    • Nagaland : Nagaland
    • Rajasthan : Alwar district
    • Mizoram : Mizoram
    • Manipur : Manipur
    • Tripura : Tripura
  • Native : Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Pakistan, Sri Lanka
  • Exotic/Native : Native
  • World Distribution : Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Benin, Burkina, Caroline Islands, Chad, Chagos Archipelago, China, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Gulf of Guinea Islands, Gulf States, Haiti, Jamaica, Kazakhstan, Laos, Leeward Islands, Louisiana, Maldives, Marianas, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mexico, Mozambique, Oman, Puerto Rico, Réunion, Senegal, Tadzhikistan, Thailand, Transcaucasus, Trinidad-Tobago, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Vietnam, Virginia, Windward Islands, Yemen, Zaïre
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Literature :
    • Pullaiah et al., 2007 - Flora of Eastern Ghats Vol. 3
    • J.L.Ellis, 1987- Flora of Nallamalais Vol. 1
    • H.O. Saxena & M. Brahmam, 1995- Flora of Orissa Vol. 2
    • R. S. Rao et al., 1986 - Flora of West Godavari District
    • R. S. Rao and S. H. Sreeramulu, 1986 - Flora of Srikakulam District
    • H. O. Saxena and M. Brahmam, 1989 - The Flora of Similipahar (Similipal), Orissa
    • Sasidharan, N. 2011. Flowering plants of Kerala. DVD, V 2, KFRI.
    • Uniyal B.P., Sharma J.R., Choudhery U., Singh D.K. (2007). Flowering Plants of Uttarakhand: A Checklist. Bishen Singh Mahendra Pal Singh: 135
    • GRIERSON A.J.C. & LONG D.G. (1983). FLORA OF BHUTAN INCLUDING A RECORD OF PLANTS FROM SIKKIM Vol. 2: Part 1. ROYAL BOTANIC GARDEN, EDINBURGH: 256
    • Sasidharan, N. 2011. Flowering plants of Kerala. DVD, V 2, KFRI.
  • Read more :
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Deepak Kumar (2024). India Flora Online. http://indiafloraonline-ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Luffa acutangula. Downloaded on 20 May 2024.

Botanical Description

Field Image(s)

India Distribution

World Distribution

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