Annona squamosa L.

 
  • Family : ANNONACEAE
    (Custard-Apple Family)
  • Family (Hindi name) : SITAPHAL FAMILY (सीताफल फैमिली)
  • Family (as per The APG System III) : Annonaceae
  • Species Name (as per The IPNI) : Annona squamosa L.
  • Common name : Custard Apple, Sugar apple, Sweet sop, Sweetsop-Anon, Araticum
  • Vernacular name :
    • Sitha-phal, Saripha (Hindi)
    • Sitha-phala (Kannada)
    • Sithaphalamu, Sitapandu (Telugu)
    • Ata (Oria)
    • Shubha (Sanskrit)
    • Sitaphal (Marathi)
    • Aathi, Aatha, Aathachakka, Seethappazham (Malayalam)
  • Habit : Tree
  • Habitat : Tropical dry deciduous forests, scrub forests
  • Comments / notes : Cultivated widely in Tropics, Naturalized
  • Flower, Fruit : March-December
  • Distribution :
    • Andhra Pradesh : Anantapur district, Chittoor district, Kadapa district, East Godavari district, Guntur district, Krishna district, Kurnool district, Nellore district, Prakasam district, Srikakulam district, Vishakapatnam district, Vizianagaram district, West Godavari district
    • Telangana : Nalgonda district, Khammam district, Mehboobnagar district
    • Karnataka : Ballari district, Chamarajanagar district, Kolar district
    • Kerala : All districts of Kerala
    • Maharashtra : Akola district, Nagpur district
    • Odisha : Angul district, Balasore district, Bargarh district, Bolangir district, Boudh district, Cuttack district, Deogarh district, Dhenkanal district, Gajapati district, Ganjam district, Kalhandi district, Kandhamal district, Kendrapara district, Keonjhar district, Khurda district, Koraput district, Malkangiri district, Mayurbhanj district, Puri district, Rayagada district,Sambalpur district, Sundergarh district
    • Tamil Nadu : Coimbatore district, Dindigul district, Dharmapuri district, Kanchipuram (Changalpattu-CGP) district, Karur district, Krishnagiri district, Madurai district, Namakkal district, Pudukkottai district, Sivaganga district, Salem district, Tiruchirapalli district, Tiruvannamalai district, Villipuram district, Vellore district
    • Lakshadweep : Kavaratti Islands, Minicoy Islands
  • Native : Central America, West Indies
  • World Distribution : India, Central America
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Literature :
    • Pullaiah et al., 2002 - Flora of Eastern Ghats Vol. 1
    • J.L.Ellis, 1987- Flora of Nallamalais Vol. 1
    • H.O. Saxena & M. Brahmam, 1994- Flora of Orissa Vol. 1
    • R. S. Rao et al., 1986 - Flora of West Godavari District
    • R. S. Rao and S. H. Sreeramulu, 1986 - Flora of Srikakulam District
    • H. O. Saxena and M. Brahmam, 1989 - The Flora of Similipahar (Similipal), Orissa
    • Sudhakar Reddy, C et al., 2009. Tree Wealth of Eastern Ghats of Andhra Pradesh, India
    • Matthew, K.M., Flora of Tamil Nadu Carnatic, Vol.3 (1). Diocesan Press, Madras. 1983
    • Sasidharan, N. 2011. Flowering plants of Kerala. DVD, V 2, KFRI
    • C., Sudhakar Reddy & Roy, Parth. (2011). Plant Diversity of Lakshadweep Islands.
  • Read more :
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Deepak Kumar (2024). India Flora Online. http://indiafloraonline-ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Annona squamosa. Downloaded on 27 May 2024.

Botanical Description

Herbarium Specimen(s)

Line Drawings

Field Image(s)

Habitat

India Distribution

World Distribution

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