Anisomeles indica (L.) Kuntze

 
  • Family : LAMIACEAE
    (Mint Family)
  • Family (Hindi name) : TULSI FAMILY (तुलसी फैमिली)
  • Family (as per The APG System III) : Lamiaceae
  • Basionym : Nepeta indica L.
  • Synonym(s) : Ajuga disticha (L.) Roxb.; Ajuga mollissima Wall. ex Steud.; Anisomeles albiflora (Hassk.) Miq.; Anisomeles disticha (L.) B.Heyne ex Roth; Anisomeles mollissima Wall.; Anisomeles secunda Kuntze; Anisomeles tonkinensis Gand.; Ballota disticha L.; Ballota mauritiana Pers.; Epimeredi indicus (L.) Rothm.; Epimeredi secundus Rothm.; Lophanthus argyi H.Lév.; Marrubium indicum (L.) Burm.f.; Monarda zeylanica Burm.f.; Nepeta amboinica L.f.; Nepeta disticha (L.) Blume; Phlomis alba Blanco
  • Species Name (as per The IPNI) : Anisomeles indica (L.) Kuntze
  • Common name : Indian Catmint, Malabar catmint
  • Vernacular name :
    • Kala bhangra, Gobara (Hindi)
    • Thoiding angouba (Manipuri)
    • Gopali (Marathi)
    • Chedayan (Malayalam)
    • adabeera (Telugu)
    • Mangamaari, Hucchumutte, Hennu kari tumbe (Kannada)
    • gobura, gopali, apang (Bengali)
    • Gopali (Konkani)
    • Raato Chaarapaate(Nepali)
  • Habit : Herb
  • Habitat : Mixed deciduous forests, wastelands
  • Comments / notes : Plant is carminative, astringent and tonic. Used medicinally for rheumatism, colds, fevers, abdominal pain, skin sores, and snake bites.
  • Key identification features : Stems erect, 1-2 m tall, branched, densely appressed white pubescent. Petiole 1-4.5 cm; leaf blade broadly ovate, 4-9 × 2.5-6.5 cm, adaxially finely strigose especially on veins, abaxially densely white minutely tomentose, tomentose on veins, base broadly truncate-cuneate, margin irregularly dentate, apex acute or short acuminate. Spikes ca. 2.5 cm in diam.; floral leaves short petiolate or ± sessile, longer than verticillasters; bracts 3-4 mm. Calyx ca. 6 mm, hirsute, glandular pubescent, yellow glandular; teeth purple-red, triangular-lanceolate, ca. 2.7 mm, ciliate. Corolla purplish, ca. 1.3 cm, glabrous outside; tube funnelform, mouth to 3.5 mm wide; upper lip oblong, 4.5-5 × 3 mm, margin entire; lower lip subhorizontally spreading, ca. 9 × 5 mm; middle lobe obcordate, ca. 3 × 4.5 mm, slightly undulate, bearded; lateral lobes ovate. Ovary glabrous. Nutlets ca. 1.5 mm in diam.
  • Flower, Fruit : August-April
  • Collector(s) Name : Raja K. Swamy, Arun Singh, Navendu Page & K. Sankara Rao; Raja K. Swamy
  • Collection Date : 23-03-2016; 13-12-2014
  • Collection Nos : HJCB-0597; HJCB-E-376
  • Collection Locality : Karadyur, Yercaud, Salem district (TN); Batrepalli, Anantapur district (AP)
  • Distribution :
    • Andhra Pradesh : Anantapur district
    • Karnataka : All districts of Karnataka
    • Kerala : All districts of Kerala
    • Maharashtra : Akola district
    • Tamil Nadu : Salem district
    • Madhya Pradesh : Hoshangabad
    • Uttarakhand : Dehradun district
    • Lakshadweep : Androth, Minicoy
  • Native : India
  • Exotic/Native : Native
  • World Distribution : Andaman Is., India, Bangladesh, Bismarck Archipelago, Borneo, Cambodia, China South-Central, China Southeast, Christmas I., East Himalaya, India, Jawa, Lakshadweep Islands, Laos, Lesser Sunda Is., Malaya, Maldives, Maluku, Myanmar, Nansei-shoto, Nepal, New Guinea, Nicobar Is., Pakistan, Philippines, Sri Lanka, Sulawesi, Sumatera, Taiwan, Thailand, Tibet, Vietnam, West Himalaya
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Literature :
    • Pullaiah et al., 2011 - Flora of Eastern Ghats Vol. 4
    • J.L.Ellis, 1990- Flora of Nallamalais Vol. 2
    • H.O. Saxena & M. Brahmam, 1995- Flora of Orissa Vol. 3
    • R. S. Rao et al., 1986 - Flora of West Godavari District
    • R. S. Rao and S. H. Sreeramulu, 1986 - Flora of Srikakulam District
    • H. O. Saxena and M. Brahmam, 1989 - The Flora of Similipahar (Similipal), Orissa
    • N.P.Singh, 1988. Flora of Eastern Karnataka
    • Matthew, K.M., The Flora of Tamil Nadu Carnatic, Vol.3 (1). Diocesan Press, Madras. 1983
    • Sasidharan, N. 2011. Flowering plants of Kerala. DVD, V 2, KFRI
    • Saldanha & Nicolson, 1976 – Flora of Hassan
    • Gowda, 2004 - Sringeri
    • Ramaswamy & Razi, 1973 – Flora of Bangalore
    • Rao & Razi, 1981 – Flora of Mysore
    • Keshava Murthy & Yoganarasimhan, 1990 – Flora of Coorg
    • Gopalakrishna Bhat, 2003 – Flora of Udupi
    • Gopalakrishna Bhat, 2014 - Flora of South Kanara
    • Nair, N. G (1977).Flora of Bashahr Himalayas. International Bioscience Publishers: 216
    • C., Sudhakar Reddy & Roy, Parth. (2011). Plant Diversity of Lakshadweep Islands.
  • Read more :
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Deepak Kumar (2024). India Flora Online. http://indiafloraonline-ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Anisomeles indica. Downloaded on 19 June 2024.

Botanical Description

Herbarium Specimen(s)

Line Drawings

Field Image(s)

India Distribution

World Distribution

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