Leucas biflora (Vahl) R.Br.

 
  • Family : LAMIACEAE
    (Mint Family)
  • Family (Hindi name) : TULSI FAMILY (तुलसी फैमिली)
  • Family (as per The APG System III) : Lamiaceae
  • Basionym : Phlomis biflora Vahl
  • Synonym(s) : Leucas biflora var. procumbens (Desf.) Gamble; Leucas procumbens Desf.
  • Species Name (as per The IPNI) : Leucas biflora (Vahl) Sm.
  • Habit : Herb
  • Habitat : Dry and Tropical moist deciduous forests, also in the plains
  • Comments / notes : Occasional on foothills to 900m by river banks, particularly abundant on forest clearings, forest borders etc.
  • Flower, Fruit : October-April
  • Collector(s) Name : Arun Singh R, Raja K.Swamy & Rajasri Ray
  • Collection Date : 13/09/2014
  • Collection Nos : HJCB-0051
  • Collection Locality : Pungalam R.F., Jawadhu Hills, Tiruvannamalai district (TN)
  • Distribution :
    • Andhra Pradesh : West Godavari district, Srikakulam district
    • Karnataka : Belagavi district, Dakshina Kannada district, Davanagare district, Kalaburagi (Gulbarga) district, Kodagu (Coorg) district, Mysuru district, Shivamogga district, Udupi district, Uttara Kannada district
    • Kerala : Kasaragod district, Kannur district, Wayanad district, Kozhikode district, Malappuram district, Palakkad district, Thrissur district, Idukki district, Pathanamthitta district, Kollam district, Thiruvananthapuram district
    • Maharashtra : Akola district
    • Odisha : Koraput district
    • Tamil Nadu : Alagar Hills (Madurai district), Kolli Hills (Namakkal district), Shevaroy Hills (Salem district), Kalrayan Hills (Salem district), Pachamalai Hills (Tiruchirapalli district), Bodamalai Hills (Salem district), Chitteri Hills (Vellore district), Sirumalai Hills (Dindigul district), Yelagiri Hills (Vellore district), Dharmapuri Hills (Dharmapuri district), Piranmalai Hills (Sivaganga district), Theerthamalai Hills (Dharmapuri district), Gingee Hill (Villipuram district), Javadu Hills (Tiruvannamalai district)
  • Native : India, Sri Lanka
  • World Distribution : India, Sri Lanka
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Literature :
    • Pullaiah et al., 2011 - Flora of Eastern Ghats Vol. 4
    • H.O. Saxena & M. Brahmam, 1995- Flora of Orissa Vol. 3
    • R. S. Rao et al., 1986 - Flora of West Godavari District
    • R. S. Rao and S. H. Sreeramulu, 1986 - Flora of Srikakulam District
    • Matthew, K.M., The Flora of Tamil Nadu Carnatic, Vol.3 (1). Diocesan Press, Madras. 1983
    • Sasidharan, N. 2011. Flowering plants of Kerala. DVD, V 2, KFRI
    • Keshava Murthy & Yoganarasimhan, 1990 – Flora of Coorg District
    • Rao & Razi, 1981 – A Synoptic Flora of Mysore District
    • Gopalakrishna Bhat, 2003 – Flora of Udupi District
    • Manjunath et al., 2003 – Flora of Davanagere District
    • Gopalakrishna Bhat, 2014 - Flora of South Kanara
    • Kamble & Pradhan, 1988. Flora of Akola District, Maharashtra. Botanical Survey of India
  • Read more :
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Deepak Kumar (2024). India Flora Online. http://indiafloraonline-ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Leucas biflora. Downloaded on 19 June 2024.

Botanical Description

Herbarium Specimen(s)

Line Drawings

Field Image(s)

India Distribution

World Distribution

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