Lawsonia inermis L.

 
  • Family : LYTHRACEAE
    (Loose-Strife Family)
  • Family (Hindi name) : MEHNDI FAMILY (मेंहंदी फैमिली)
  • Family (as per The APG System III) : Lythraceae
  • Species Name (as per The IPNI) : Lawsonia inermis L.
  • Common name : Henna, Egyptian priven, Cypress shrub, Camphire, Samphire
  • Vernacular name :
    • Mehendi (Hindi)
    • Gorante, Madhurangi (Kannada)
    • Gorinta chettu, Goranti (Telugu)
    • Manjuati, Benjati, Manghati (Oria)
    • Medhini, Nakharanjani (Sanskrit)
    • Mendi (Marathi)
    • Mailanchi, Mylanchi, Pontalasi (Malayalam)
  • Habit : Shrub
  • Habitat : Grown as hedge plant
  • Comments / notes : Cultivated for the commercial Henna (Mehendi).
  • Key identification features : Small tree
  • Flower, Fruit : December-May
  • Distribution :
    • Andhra Pradesh : Anantapur district, Chittoor district, Kadapa district, East Godavari district, Guntur district, Krishna district, Kurnool district, Nellore district, Prakasam district, Srikakulam district, Vishakapatnam district, Vizianagaram district, West Godavari district
    • Kerala : All districts of Kerala
    • Maharashtra : Akola district
  • World Distribution : Central Asia, India; cultivated throughout warm tropics
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Literature :
    • R. S. Rao et al., 1986 - Flora of West Godavari District
    • R. S. Rao and S. H. Sreeramulu, 1986 - Flora of Srikakulam District
    • H. O. Saxena and M. Brahmam, 1989 - The Flora of Similipahar (Similipal), Orissa
    • Sudhakar Reddy, C et al., 2009. Tree Wealth of Eastern Ghats of Andhra Pradesh, India
    • Matthew, K.M., Flora of Tamil Nadu Carnatic, Vol.3 (1). Diocesan Press, Madras. 1983
    • Sasidharan, N. 2011. Flowering plants of Kerala. DVD, V 2, KFRI.
  • Read more :
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Deepak Kumar (2024). India Flora Online. http://indiafloraonline-ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Lawsonia inermis. Downloaded on 22 June 2024.

Botanical Description

Herbarium Specimen(s)

Line Drawings

Field Image(s)

India Distribution

World Distribution

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