Justicia adhatoda L.

 
  • Family : ACANTHACEAE
    (Acanthus Family)
  • Family (Hindi name) : ARUSA FAMILY (अडूसा फैमिली)
  • Family (as per The APG System III) : Acanthaceae
  • Synonym(s) : Adhatoda zeylanica Medik.; Adhatoda vasica Nees
  • Species Name (as per The IPNI) : Justicia adhatoda L.
  • Common name : Vasa, Vasaka, Malabar nut, Adhatoda
  • Vernacular name :
    • Vasakam (Telugu)
    • Adalodakam, Pothadalotakam, Vasica (Malayalam)
    • Boga bahok (Assamese)
    • Basak (Bengali)
    • Arus, Arusa, Pramadya (Hindi)
  • Habit : Shrub
  • Habitat : Plains, Common as well as abundant; often gregarious on the ridge and adjacent hilly tracts
  • Comments / notes : Often in plains to 1000m; sometimes grown as hedge plant; The leaves are held sacred by the people; Goats do not like this plant
  • Flower, Fruit : October-March
  • Collector(s) Name : Arun Singh, Raja K. Swamy, Navendu Page & K. Sankara Rao
  • Collection Date : 23/03/2016
  • Collection Nos : HJCB-0612
  • Collection Locality : Shevoray temple road, Shevoray Hills, Salem district (TN)
  • Distribution :
    • Andhra Pradesh : Anantapur district, Chittoor district, Vishakapatnam district, West Godavari district, Srikakulam district
    • Karnataka : Hassan district
    • Kerala : All districts of Kerala
    • Maharashtra : Thane district
    • Odisha : Ganjam district
    • Tamil Nadu : Namakkal district,Salem district
    • Uttarakhand : Uttarakhand
    • Sikkim : Sikkim
    • Himachal Pradesh : Himachal Pradesh
    • Arunachal Pradesh : Arunachal Pradesh
    • Assam : Assam
    • Nagaland : Nagaland
    • Delhi : Vasant Kunj
    • Haryana : Gurgaon district
    • Mizoram : Mizoram
    • Manipur : Manipur
    • Tripura : Tripura
  • Native : Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Laos, Myanmar, Nepal, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Vietnam
  • Exotic/Native : Native
  • World Distribution : Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Laos, Myanmar, Nepal, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Vietnam
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Literature :
    • Pullaiah et al., 2011 - Flora of Eastern Ghats Vol. 4
    • H.O. Saxena & M. Brahmam, 1995- Flora of Orissa Vol. 3
    • R. S. Rao et al., 1986 - Flora of West Godavari District
    • R. S. Rao and S. H. Sreeramulu, 1986 - Flora of Srikakulam District
    • H. O. Saxena and M. Brahmam, 1989 - The Flora of Similipahar (Similipal), Orissa
    • Matthew, K.M., The Flora of Tamil Nadu Carnatic, Vol.3 (1). Diocesan Press, Madras. 1983
    • Sasidharan, N. 2011. Flowering plants of Kerala. DVD, V 2, KFRI.
    • Maheshwari K.J (1963). Flora of Delhi: 271-272
  • Read more :
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Deepak Kumar (2024). India Flora Online. http://indiafloraonline-ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Justicia adhatoda. Downloaded on 25 May 2024.

Botanical Description

Herbarium Specimen(s)

Line Drawings

Field Image(s)

India Distribution

World Distribution

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