Jatropha curcas L.

 
  • Family : EUPHORBIACEAE
    (Spurge Family)
  • Family (Hindi name) : AMLA FAMILY (आँवला फैमिली)
  • Family (as per The APG System III) : Euphorbiaceae
  • Synonym(s) : Curcas adansonii Endl.; Curcas curcas (L.) Britton & Millsp.; Curcas drastica Mart.; Curcas indica A.Rich.; Curcas lobata Splitg. ex Lanj.; Curcas purgans Medik.; Jatropha acerifolia Salisb.; Jatropha afrocurcas Pax; Jatropha edulis Sessé; Jatropha yucatanensis Briq.; Manihot curcas (L.) Crantz; Ricinoides americana Garsault; Ricinus americanus Mill.; Ricinus jarak Thunb.
  • Species Name (as per The IPNI) : Jatropha curcas L.
  • Common name : Purging nut, Physic nut, Barbados nut, Curcas nut, Jatropha
  • Vernacular name :
    • Jungli erand, Pahaari erand, Baghrandi, Safed arand (Hindi)
    • Adalu haralu, Bettada haralu, Beli almuda, Chittala tali gida (Kannada)
    • Kattukottai (Tamil)
    • Dravanti (Sanskrit)
    • Mogalierand (Marathi)
    • Banprijada, Jahajin, Dumajera, Jode, Dumiba (Oria)
    • Adavi amudam, Nepalam, Sima nepalam (Telugu)
    • Kadalavanakku, Kammatti, Kattuvanakku, Nanchupathal (Malayalam)
  • Habit : Tree
  • Comments / notes : On foothills to 1400m. Often planted by fences and railway lines. Seed oil has a good calorific value and used commercially in production of biodiesel.
  • Flower, Fruit : Throughout the year
  • Distribution :
    • Andhra Pradesh : Anantapur district, Chittoor district, Kadapa district, East Godavari district, Guntur district, Krishna district, Kurnool district, Nellore district, Prakasam district, Srikakulam district, Vishakapatnam district, Vizianagaram district, West Godavari district
    • Telangana : Nalgonda district, Khammam district, Mehboobnagar district
    • Karnataka : Ballari district, Kolar district, Chamarajanagar district
    • Kerala : All districts of Kerala
    • Maharashtra : Akola district
    • Odisha : Angul district, Balasore district, Bargarh district, Bolangir district, Boudh district, Cuttack district, Deogarh district, Dhenkanal district, Gajapati district, Ganjam district, Kalhandi district, Kandhamal district, Kendrapara district, Keonjhar district, Khurda district, Koraput district, Malkangiri district, Mayurbhanj district, Puri district, Rayagada district, Sambalpur district, Sundergarh district
    • Tamil Nadu : Coimbatore district, Dindigul district, Dharmapuri district, Kanchipuram (Changalpattu-CGP) district, Karur district, Krishnagiri district, Madurai district, Namakkal district, Pudukkottai district, Sivaganga district, Salem district, Tiruchirapalli district, Tiruvannamalai district, Villipuram district, Vellore district
    • Andaman and Nicobar Islands : Andaman and Nicobar Island
  • Native : New World tropics
  • Exotic/Native : Native
  • World Distribution : Tropics of the World
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Literature :
    • H.O. Saxena & M. Brahmam, 1995- Flora of Orissa Vol. 3
    • R. S. Rao et al., 1986 - Flora of West Godavari District
    • R. S. Rao and S. H. Sreeramulu, 1986 - Flora of Srikakulam District
    • H. O. Saxena and M. Brahmam, 1989 - The Flora of Similipahar (Similipal), Orissa
    • Sudhakar Reddy, C et al., 2009. Tree Wealth of Eastern Ghats of Andhra Pradesh, India
    • Matthew, K.M., The Flora of Tamil Nadu Carnatic, Vol.3 (2). Diocesan Press, Madras. 1983
    • Sasidharan, N. 2011. Flowering plants of Kerala. DVD, V 2, KFRI
    • Kamble & Pradhan, 1988. Flora of Akola District, Maharashtra. Botanical Survey of India
    • Saldanha & Nicolson, 1976 – Flora of Hassan District
    • Saldanha, C.J. (1996). Flora of Karnataka vol. 2. Oxford and IBH Publishing Co, New Delhi
    • Gowda, 2004 - Sringeri
    • Seetharam et al., 2000 - Gulbarga
    • Rao & Razi, 1981 -A Synoptic Flora of Mysore District
    • Keshava Murthy & Yoganarasimhan, 1990 – Flora of Coorg District
    • Manjunath et al., 2003 – Flora of Davanagere District
    • Parkinson, C.E. 1923. A Forest Flora of the Andaman Islands, Govt. of India, Shimla
    • 242
  • Read more :
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Deepak Kumar (2024). India Flora Online. http://indiafloraonline-ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Jatropha curcas. Downloaded on 21 May 2024.

Botanical Description

Herbarium Specimen(s)

Line Drawings

Field Image(s)

India Distribution

World Distribution

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