Acacia leucophloea (Roxb.) Willd.

 
  • Family : MIMOSACEAE
    (Pea Or Bean Family)
  • Family (Hindi name) : BABOOL FAMILY (बबूल फैमिली)
  • Family (as per The APG System III) : Leguminosae
  • Subfamily : Mimosoideae
  • Basionym : Mimosa leucophloea Roxb.
  • Species Name (as per The IPNI) : Vachellia leucophloea (Roxb.) Maslin, Seigler & Ebinger
  • Common name : White Babool, White-Barked Acacia, Distiller's acacia, White babool
  • Vernacular name :
    • Safed Babul, Safedkikar, Nimbar (Hindi)
    • Bili jali (Kannada)
    • Velvaelam, Velvelam (Tamil)
    • Tella tumma (Telugu)
    • Arimedah (Sanskrit)
    • Hivar (Marathi)
    • Gohira (Oria)
    • Chenkaringali, Vellavelam, Velvelakam, Velvelam, Pattacharayamaram (Malayalam)
  • Habit : Tree
  • Habitat : Tropical dry deciduous forests
  • Comments / notes : Occasional in plains and hills up to 1000m.
  • Key identification features : Bark whitish-grey smooth when young, dark brown blackish, rough when old, exfoliating in irregular scales, blaze light red. Inflorescence in terminal panicles. Bark is used in distiling local arack; also yeilds good fiber.
  • Flower, Fruit : July-February
  • Distribution :
    • Andhra Pradesh : Anantapur district, Chittoor district, Kadapa district, East Godavari district, Guntur district, Krishna district, Kurnool district, Nellore district, Prakasam district, Srikakulam district, Vishakapatnam district, Vizianagaram district, West Godavari district
    • Telangana : Nalgonda district, Khammam district, Mehboobnagar district
    • Karnataka : Ballari district, Kolar district, Chamarajanagar district, Bengaluru district, Davanagare district, Kalaburagi (Gulbarga) district, Hassan district, Mysuru district, Tumakuru district
    • Kerala : Palakkad district, Idukki district
    • Maharashtra : Akola district
    • Odisha : Ganjam district, Koraput district, Cuttack district
    • Tamil Nadu : All districts of Tamil Nadu
    • Uttarakhand : Uttarakhand
    • Himachal Pradesh : Himachal Pradesh
    • Jammu and Kashmir : Jammu and Kashmir
  • Native : Bangladesh, Cambodia, India, Jawa, Lesser Sunda Islands, Myanmar, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Vietnam
  • Exotic/Native : Native
  • World Distribution : Bangladesh, Cambodia, India, Jawa, Lesser Sunda Islands, Myanmar, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Vietnam
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Literature :
    • Pullaiah et al., 2001 - Flora of Eastern Ghats Vol. 2
    • J.L.Ellis, 1987- Flora of Nallamalais Vol. 1
    • R. S. Rao et al., 1986 - Flora of West Godavari District
    • R. S. Rao and S. H. Sreeramulu, 1986 - Flora of Srikakulam District
    • H. O. Saxena and M. Brahmam, 1989 - The Flora of Similipahar (Similipal), Orissa
    • Matthew, K.M., Flora of Tamil Nadu Carnatic, Vol.3 (1). Diocesan Press, Madras. 1983
    • Sasidharan, N. 2011. Flowering plants of Kerala. DVD, V 2, KFRI
    • Henry, Kumari & Chithra (1983) Flora of Tamil Nadu, India vol. 1
    • Saldanha & Nicolson, 1976 - Hassan
    • Saldanha, 1984
    • Ramaswamy & Razi, 1973 - Flora of Bangalore district, Karnataka state
    • Seetharam et al., 2000 - Gulbarga
    • Rao & Razi, 1981 - Mysore
    • Bhaskar & Kushalappa, 2013- Flora of Tumkur District
    • Manjunath et al., 2003 – Davanagere
  • Read more :
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Deepak Kumar (2024). India Flora Online. http://indiafloraonline-ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Acacia leucophloea. Downloaded on 29 May 2024.

Botanical Description

Herbarium Specimen(s)

Line Drawings

Field Image(s)

Habitat

India Distribution

World Distribution

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