Homonoia riparia Lour.

 
  • Family : EUPHORBIACEAE
    (Spurge Family)
  • Family (Hindi name) : AMLA FAMILY (आँवला फैमिली)
  • Family (as per The APG System III) : Euphorbiaceae
  • Synonym(s) : Adelia neriifolia B.Heyne ex Roth; Croton salicifolius Geiseler; Haematospermum neriifolium (B.Heyne ex Roth) Wall. ex Voigt; Haematospermum salicinum (Hassk.) Baill.; Lumanaja juviatilis Blanco; Ricinus salicinus Hassk.; Spathiostemon salicinus (Hassk.) Hassk.
  • Species Name (as per The IPNI) : Homonoia riparia Lour.
  • Vernacular name :
    • Jalbent (Hindi)
    • Sannapaashanabeda, Holenage, Narganagile (Kannada)
    • Aathu Inji (Tamil)
    • Jalaveetasah, Vetasah (Sanskrit)
    • Sarni (Marathi)
    • Pani begunia, Godamalla, Pani jhovali (Oria), Taninki, Siridamanu, Tniki chettu (Telugu)
    • Athalangi, Aattuvanchi, Kadallari, Neervanchi, Puzhavanchi (Malayalam)
  • Habit : Shrub
  • Habitat : Along river and stream banks
  • Comments / notes : A common riparian species along fast flowing water bodies across the ghats.
  • Flower, Fruit : December-May
  • Distribution :
    • Andhra Pradesh : Anantapur district, Chittoor district, Kadapa district, East Godavari district, Guntur district, Krishna district, Kurnool district, Nellore district, Prakasam district, Srikakulam district, Vishakapatnam district, Vizianagaram district, West Godavari district
    • Telangana : Khammam district, Nalgonda district, Mehboobnagar district
    • Karnataka : Chikkamagaluru district, Dakshina Kannada district, Hassan district, Mysuru district, Udupi district
    • Kerala : All districts of Kerala
    • Maharashtra : Akola district
    • Odisha : Mayurbhanj district, Ganjam district
    • Tamil Nadu : All districts of Tamil Nadu
    • Assam : Assam
    • Andaman and Nicobar Islands : Andaman and Nicobar Island
  • Native : India, Bangladesh, Borneo, Cambodia, China, Hainan, India, Jawa, Laos, Lesser Sunda Is., Malaya, Maluku, Myanmar, New Guinea, Nicobar Is., Philippines, Sri Lanka, Sulawesi, Sumatera, Taiwan, Thailand, Vietnam
  • Exotic/Native : Native
  • World Distribution : India, Southeast Asia, China, Formosa, New Guinea, Moluccas, Sunda Islands, Malaysia
  • Conservation Status : Least Concern (LC)
  • Literature :
    • J.L.Ellis, 1990- Flora of Nallamalais Vol. 2
    • H.O. Saxena & M. Brahmam, 1995- Flora of Orissa Vol. 3
    • R. S. Rao et al., 1986 - Flora of West Godavari District
    • R. S. Rao and S. H. Sreeramulu, 1986 - Flora of Srikakulam District
    • H. O. Saxena and M. Brahmam, 1989 - The Flora of Similipahar (Similipal), Orissa
    • IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.1.
    • Sudhakar Reddy, C et al., 2009. Tree Wealth of Eastern Ghats of Andhra Pradesh, India
    • Matthew, K.M., The Flora of Tamil Nadu Carnatic, Vol.3 (2). Diocesan Press, Madras. 1983
    • Sasidharan, N. 2011. Flowering plants of Kerala. DVD, V 2, KFRI.
    • Saldanha & Nicolson, 1976 – Flora of Hassan District
    • Saldanha, C.J. (1996). Flora of Karnataka vol. 2. Oxford and IBH Publishing Co, New Delhi
    • Gowda, 2004 – Flora of Sringeri
    • Keshava Murthy & Yoganarasimhan, 1990 – Flora of Coorg District
    • Gopalakrishna Bhat, 2003 – Flora of Udupi District
    • Kamble & Pradhan, 1988. Flora of Akola District, Maharashtra. Botanical Survey of India.
    • Parkinson, C.E. 1923. A Forest Flora of the Andaman Islands, Govt. of India, Shimla
    • 243
  • Read more :
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Deepak Kumar (2024). India Flora Online. http://indiafloraonline-ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Homonoia riparia. Downloaded on 21 May 2024.

Botanical Description

Herbarium Specimen(s)

Field Image(s)

India Distribution

World Distribution

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