Holmskioldia sanguinea Retz.

  • Family : LAMIACEAE
    (Mint Family)
  • Family (Hindi name) : TULSI FAMILY (तुलसी फैमिली)
  • Family (as per The APG System III) : Lamiaceae
  • Synonym(s) : Hastingia coccinea Sm.; Hastingia scandens Roxb.; Holmskioldia rubra Pers.; Holmskioldia sanguinea f. aurantiaca Yin Yin Kyi & DeFilipps; Holmskioldia scandens Sweet; Platunum rubrum A.Juss.
  • Species Name (as per The IPNI) : Holmskioldia sanguinea Retz.
  • Common name : Chinese hat, Cup and Saucer, Parasol Flower, Mandarins hat
  • Vernacular name :
    • Kapni (Hindi)
    • Kode hoo (Kannada)
    • Kharamleithong (Manipuri)
    • Jhule Phool, Ghanti Phool, Aputo (Nepali)
  • Habit : shrub
  • Habitat : Shrubberies
  • Key identification features : A straggling climbing shrub with broadly ovate leaves, and with scarlet tubular flowers with large conspicuous red cup-shaped calyx, borne in crowded axillary clusters. Corolla-tube 2-2.5 cm, slender curved, curely 2-lipped, with 5 unequal blunt lobes, the lowest longer, stamens exserted; calyx brightly coloured, with a very short tube with a wide circular papery limb to 2.5 cm across. Leaves 7.5-10 cm, with a rounded or shallow heart-shaped base, stalked, obscurely toothed, dotted with minute glands on both sides; twigs quadrangular, hairy when young but becoming hairless; stems 3-10 m. Fruit 4-lobed, dry.
  • Flower, Fruit : August-December
  • Distribution :
    • Uttarakhand : Dehradun district
  • Native : India, East Himalaya, India, Myanmar, Nepal, West Himalaya
  • Exotic/Native : Native
  • World Distribution : Bangladesh, Borneo, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Hawaii, Honduras, Jamaica, Jawa, Leeward Is., Malawi, Malaya, Maluku, Mauritius, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, New Caledonia, Nicaragua, Panamá, Philippines, Puerto Rico, Sri Lanka, Sumatera, Trinidad-Tobago, Venezuela, Windward Is.
  • Literature :
    • Oleg P & Adam S (1984). Flowers of Himalaya. Oxford University Press: 1098
  • Read more :
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Deepak Kumar (2024). India Flora Online. http://indiafloraonline-ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Holmskioldia sanguinea. Downloaded on 20 June 2024.

Herbarium Specimen(s)

India Distribution

World Distribution

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