Holarrhena pubescens (Buch.-Ham.) Wall. ex G. Don

 
  • Family : APOCYNACEAE
    (Dogbane Family)
  • Family (Hindi name) : KARONDA FAMILY (करौंदा फैमिली)
  • Family (as per The APG System III) : Apocynaceae
  • Synonym(s) : Holarrhena antidysenterica (Roth) Wall. ex A.DC.
  • Species Name (as per The IPNI) : Holarrhena pubescens Wall. ex G.Don
  • Common name : Kurchi, Tellicherry bark, Bitter Oleander, Easter Tree, Jasmine Tree, Coessi bark, Ivory tree
  • Vernacular name :
    • Kurci, Kudha, Khurchi (Hindi)
    • Kodagasana (Kannada)
    • Kolamukki, Palavareni, Pala chettu, Tedlapala, Palankudu, Kodaga, Palakodishe, Istari-pala, Kodisipala (Telugu)
    • Kuthuppaalai (Tamil)
    • Kherwa, Pitakorwa, Patrukurwa, Kurmi, Kuda, Indrojabafalo, Indrajalo, Kure, Kurchi (Oria)
    • Kutajah, Kalinga (Sanskrit)
    • Kuda (Marathi)
    • Kadalapala, Kadavelapparintholi, Kudagapala (Malayalam)
  • Habit : Tree
  • Habitat : Deciduous and scrub forests
  • Comments / notes : Occasional on hills above 750 m, on slopes. Extracts from the bark are used to cure dysentery and also to help increase appetite.
  • Flower, Fruit : March-October
  • Collector(s) Name : Raja K.Swamy; Saldanha
  • Collection Date : 14/09/2013; 11-07-1975
  • Collection Nos : FAP 40414; 18508
  • Collection Locality : Kalasamudram, Anantapur district (AP); Bannergatta state forest (BGL, KA)
  • Distribution :
    • Andhra Pradesh : Chittoor district, Srikakulam district, West Godavari district, East Godavari district, Kurnool district, Kadapa district
    • Telangana : Nalgonda district
    • Karnataka : All districts of Karnataka
    • Kerala : All districts of Kerala
    • Maharashtra : Akola district
    • Odisha : Ganjam district, Mayurbhanj district
    • Tamil Nadu : Salem district, Dharmapuri district
  • Native : Africa, Asia
  • World Distribution : India, Cambodia, Malaysia, Myanmar, Indo-China, Tropical Himalayas, Nepal, Taiwan, Province of China, Thailand, Vietnam, East Africa, South Africa, Laos, Pakistan
  • Conservation Status : Least Concern (LC)
  • Literature :
    • Pullaiah et al., 2011 - Flora of Eastern Ghats Vol. 4
    • H.O. Saxena & M. Brahmam, 1995- Flora of Orissa Vol. 2
    • R. S. Rao et al., 1986 - Flora of West Godavari District
    • IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.1.
    • Sudhakar Reddy, C et al., 2009. Tree Wealth of Eastern Ghats of Andhra Pradesh, India
    • N.P.Singh, 1988. Flora of Eastern Karnataka
    • J.L.Ellis, 1990- Flora of Nallamalais Vol. 2
    • R. S. Rao and S. H. Sreeramulu, 1986 - Flora of Srikakulam District
    • H. O. Saxena and M. Brahmam, 1989 - The Flora of Similipahar (Similipal), Orissa
    • Sasidharan, N. 2011. Flowering plants of Kerala. DVD, V 2, KFRI
    • Saldanha & Nicolson, 1976 – Flora of Hassan District
    • Gowda, 2004 - Sringeri
    • Ramaswamy & Razi, 1973 – Flora of Bangalore District
    • Seetharam et al., 2000 – Flora of Gulbarga district
    • Rao & Razi, 1981 – A Synoptic Flora of Mysore District
    • Keshava Murthy & Yoganarasimhan, 1990 – Flora of Coorg District
    • Gopalakrishna Bhat, 2003 – Flora of Udupi District
    • Manjunath et al., 2003 – Flora of Davanagere District
    • Kamble & Pradhan, 1988. Flora of Akola District, Maharashtra. Botanical Survey of India.
  • Read more :
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Deepak Kumar (2024). India Flora Online. http://indiafloraonline-ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Holarrhena pubescens. Downloaded on 21 May 2024.

Botanical Description

Herbarium Specimen(s)

Line Drawings

Field Image(s)

India Distribution

World Distribution

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