Helicteres isora L.

 
  • Family : STERCULIACEAE
    (Sterculia Or Cocoa Family)
  • Family (Hindi name) : COCOA FAMILY
  • Family (as per The APG System III) : Malvaceae
  • Species Name (as per The IPNI) : Helicteres isora L.
  • Common name : East-Indian screw Tree
  • Vernacular name :
    • Marodphali, Aita, Aitum (Hindi)
    • Yedamuri, Kempukaaveri (Kannada)
    • Velampuri, Vadampiri, Kaiva, Idampuri (Tamil)
    • Nulita, Kavanchi, Syamali, Purikaya, Guba tada, Nuli tada (Telugu)
    • Murmuriya, Muri-muri, Kurkurbicha (Oria)
    • Aavartanee (Sanskrit)
    • Murudsheng, Ati, Kewan, Murudseng (Marathi)
    • Edampiri-Valampiri, Eeswaramoori, Kaivum, Kayinaru, Kayivilanaru, Kayivoolam, Kayyunanna, Valampiri (Malayalam)
  • Habit : Shrub
  • Habitat : Deciduous forests, also in plantations and plains
  • Comments / notes : Common in dry deciduous forests. Also brought into gardens and plantations.
  • Flower, Fruit : April-January
  • Collector(s) Name : S. B. Manohar
  • Collection Date : 23/08/1979
  • Collection Nos : KFP 9043
  • Collection Locality : Sandur hills, Bellary district
  • Distribution :
    • Andhra Pradesh : Andhra Pradesh
    • Telangana : Nalgonda district, Khammam district, Mehboobnagar district
    • Karnataka : Bengaluru district, Ballari district, Chitradurga district, Dakshina Kannada district, Davanagare district, Hassan district, Mysuru district, Raichur district, Tumakuru district, Udupi district, Kodagu (Coorg) district
    • Kerala : All districts of Kerala
    • Maharashtra : Thane district
    • Odisha : Odisha
    • Tamil Nadu : All districts of Tamil Nadu
    • Andaman and Nicobar Islands : Andaman Islands
  • Native : Andaman Islands, Bangladesh, Cambodia, China, Hainan, India, Laos, Malaya, Maluku, Myanmar, Nepal, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Vietnam
  • Exotic/Native : Native
  • World Distribution : Andaman Islands, Bangladesh, Cambodia, China, Hainan, India, Laos, Malaya, Maluku, Myanmar, Nepal, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Vietnam
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Literature :
    • Pullaiah et al., 2002 - Flora of Eastern Ghats Vol. 1
    • J.L.Ellis, 1987- Flora of Nallamalais Vol. 1
    • H.O. Saxena & M. Brahmam, 1994- Flora of Orissa Vol. 1
    • R. S. Rao et al., 1986 - Flora of West Godavari District
    • R. S. Rao and S. H. Sreeramulu, 1986 - Flora of Srikakulam District
    • H. O. Saxena and M. Brahmam, 1989 - The Flora of Similipahar (Similipal), Orissa
    • Franklin Benjamin & G.V.S.Murthy, 2013. Flora of Sri Venkateswara National Park, Andhra Pradesh, BSI.
    • Matthew, K.M., Flora of Tamil Nadu Carnatic, Vol.3 (1). Diocesan Press, Madras. 1983
    • Sasidharan, N. 2011. Flowering plants of Kerala. DVD, V 2, KFRI
    • Henry, Kumari & Chithra (1983). Flora of Tamil Nadu, India vol. 1.
    • Saldanha & Nicolson, 1976 – Flora of Hassan District
    • Cecil J. Saldanha, S. R. Ramesh (1984). Flora of Karnataka State vol. 1. Oxford and IBH Publishing Co, New Delhi
    • Gowda, 2004 – Flora of Sringeri
    • Ramaswamy & Razi, 1973 – Flora of Bangalore District
    • Rao & Razi, 1981 – A Synoptic Flora of Mysore District
    • Keshava Murthy & Yoganarasimhan, 1990 – Flora of Coorg District
    • Gopalakrishna Bhat, 2003 – Flora of Udupi District
    • Manjunath et al., 2003 – Flora of Davanagere District
  • Read more :
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Deepak Kumar (2024). India Flora Online. http://indiafloraonline-ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Helicteres isora. Downloaded on 21 May 2024.

Botanical Description

Herbarium Specimen(s)

Line Drawings

Field Image(s)

India Distribution

World Distribution

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