Gyrocarpus americanus N.J.Jacquin

 
  • Family : HERNANDIACEAE
    (Helicopter Tree Family)
  • Family (Hindi name) : ZAITUN FAMILY (जैतून फैमिली)
  • Family (as per The APG System III) : Hernandiaceae
  • Synonym(s) : Gyrocarpus acuminatus Meisn.; Gyrocarpus asiaticus Willd.; Gyrocarpus jacquinii Roxb.; Gyrocarpus jacquinii Gaertn.; Gyrocarpus lobatus Blanco; Gyrocarpus rugosus R.Br.
  • Species Name (as per The IPNI) : Gyrocarpus americanus Jacq.
  • Common name : Helicopter Tree, Catamaran Wood Tree
  • Vernacular name :
    • Zaitun (Hindi)
    • Kaadu Bende (Kannada)
    • Vellaithanukku, Kosuthamugu, Kaathaadimaram (Tamil)
    • Tunuku, Kummara poliki, Poliki (Telugu)
    • Pitela, Sutorono (Oria)
    • Thanukku (Malayalam)
  • Habit : Tree
  • Habitat : Tropical dry deciduous forests
  • Comments / notes : Common in dry deciduous forests in rocky areas and on plains to 500m.
  • Flower, Fruit : October-April
  • Distribution :
    • Andhra Pradesh : Srikakulam district, Vishakapatnam district, Vizianagaram district, East Godavari district, West Godavari district, Krishna district, Prakasam district, Kurnool district, Nellore district, Kadapa district, Anantapur district, Chittoor district
    • Telangana : Mehboobnagar district, Khammam district, Nalgonda district
    • Kerala : Palakkad district, Idukki district
    • Odisha : Mayurbhanj district, Ganjam district, Puri district
    • Tamil Nadu : Alagar Hills (Madurai district), Kolli Hills (Namakkal district), Shevaroy Hills, Kalrayan Hills, Bodamalai Hills (Salem district), Pachamalai Hills (Tiruchirapalli district), Chitteri Hills, Yelagiri Hills (Vellore district), Sirumalai Hills (Dindigul district), Piranmalai Hills (Sivaganga district), Theerthamalai Hills, Dharmapuri Hills (Dharmapuri district), Gingee Hill (Villipuram district), Javadu Hills (Tiruvannamalai district)
    • Andaman and Nicobar Islands : Andaman and Nicobar Island
  • Native : Pantropical
  • Exotic/Native : Native
  • World Distribution : Pantropical
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Literature :
    • J.L.Ellis, 1990- Flora of Nallamalais Vol. 2
    • H.O. Saxena & M. Brahmam, 1995- Flora of Orissa Vol. 3
    • R. S. Rao et al., 1986 - Flora of West Godavari District
    • R. S. Rao and S. H. Sreeramulu, 1986 - Flora of Srikakulam District
    • H. O. Saxena and M. Brahmam, 1989 - The Flora of Similipahar (Similipal), Orissa
    • Sudhakar Reddy, C et al., 2009. Tree Wealth of Eastern Ghats of Andhra Pradesh, India
    • Matthew, K.M., The Flora of Tamil Nadu Carnatic, Vol.3 (2). Diocesan Press, Madras. 1983
    • Sasidharan, N. 2011. Flowering plants of Kerala. DVD, V 2, KFRI.
    • Parkinson, C.E. 1923. A Forest Flora of the Andaman Islands, Govt. of India, Shimla
    • 169
  • Read more :
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Deepak Kumar (2024). India Flora Online. http://indiafloraonline-ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Gyrocarpus americanus. Downloaded on 29 May 2024.

Botanical Description

Herbarium Specimen(s)

Field Image(s)

Habitat

India Distribution

World Distribution

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