Acacia farnesiana (L.) Willd.

 
  • Family : MIMOSACEAE
    (Pea Or Bean Family)
  • Family (Hindi name) : BABOOL FAMILY (बबूल फैमिली)
  • Family (as per The APG System III) : Leguminosae
  • Subfamily : Mimosoideae
  • Basionym : Mimosa farnesiana L.
  • Species Name (as per The IPNI) : Vachellia farnesiana (L.) Wight & Arn.
  • Common name : Fragrant Acacia, Needle Bush
  • Vernacular name :
    • Dei Babul, Bilati Babul, Wilayati Kikar, Deewana babool (Hindi)
    • Kasturi Jali (Kannada)
    • Veddayala (Tamil)
    • Kasturi, Kasturi Tumma (Telugu)
    • Girimeda (Sanskrit)
    • Kapur (Oria)
  • Habit : Tree
  • Habitat : Planted
  • Comments / notes : In foothills to 900m. Introduced and cultivated as medicinal plant
  • Key identification features : A thorny small tree or shrub with fragrant, bright yellow flower heads
  • Flower, Fruit : September-February
  • Collection Nos : HJCB-1963
  • Collection Locality : On the way to Chandbali, Bhadrak district; Khola, Bhitarkanika, Kendrapara district
  • Distribution :
    • Andhra Pradesh : Vishakapatnam district, Anantapur district, Kurnool district, Srikakulam district
    • Karnataka : Bengaluru district, Dakshina Kannada district, Davanagare district, Kalaburagi (Gulbarga) district, Hassan district, Kodagu (Coorg) district, Mysuru district, Raichur district
    • Kerala : Wayanad district
    • Odisha : Ganjam district, DP, Mayurbhanj district, Bhadrak district, Kendrapara district
    • Tamil Nadu : Vellore district, Tiruvannamalai district, Kanchipuram (Changalpattu-CGP) district, Coimbatore district, Dharmapuri district, Ramanathapuram district, Salem district, Tiruchirapalli district, Tirunelveli district
    • Uttarakhand : Nainital district
  • Native : Alabama, Argentina, Arizona, Arkansas, Bahamas, Belize, Bolivia, Brazil, California, Cayman Islands, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Florida, French Guiana, Georgia, Guatemala, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Jamaica, Leewar
  • Exotic/Native : Exotic
  • World Distribution : Pantropical
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Literature :
    • Pullaiah et al., 2001 - Flora of Eastern Ghats Vol. 2
    • H.O. Saxena & M. Brahmam, 1994- Flora of Orissa Vol. 1
    • R. S. Rao and S. H. Sreeramulu, 1986 - Flora of Srikakulam District
    • H. O. Saxena and M. Brahmam, 1989 - The Flora of Similipahar (Similipal), Orissa
    • Sudhakar Reddy, C et al., 2009. Tree Wealth of Eastern Ghats of Andhra Pradesh, India
    • Matthew, K.M., Flora of Tamil Nadu Carnatic, Vol.3 (1). Diocesan Press, Madras. 1983
    • Sasidharan, N. 2011. Flowering plants of Kerala. DVD, V 2, KFRI
    • Henry, Kumari & Chithra (1983). Flora of Tamil Nadu, India vol. 1
    • Saldanha & Nicolson, 1976 - Hassan
    • Saldanha, 1984
    • Gowda, 2004 - Sringeri
    • Ramaswamy & Razi, 1973 - Flora of Bangalore district, Karnataka state
    • Seetharam et al., 2000 - Gulbarga
    • Rao & Razi, 1981 - Mysore
    • Keshava Murthy & Yoganarasimhan, 1990 - Flora of Coorg district, Karnataka state
    • Manjunath et al., 2003 - Davanagere
    • Gopalakrishna Bhat, 2014 - Flora of South Kanara
  • Read more :
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Deepak Kumar (2024). India Flora Online. http://indiafloraonline-ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Acacia farnesiana. Downloaded on 19 June 2024.

Botanical Description

Herbarium Specimen(s)

Line Drawings

Field Image(s)

India Distribution

World Distribution

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