Gmelina philippensis Cham.

 
  • Family : VERBENACEAE
    (Verbena Or Vervain Family)
  • Family (Hindi name) : SAGVAN FAMILY (सागवान फैमिली)
  • Family (as per The APG System III) : Lamiaceae
  • Synonym(s) : Gmelina hystrix Schult. ex Kurz
  • Species Name (as per The IPNI) : Gmelina philippensis Cham.
  • Common name : Ching-chai, Hedgehog, Parrot's Beak
  • Habit : Shrub
  • Habitat : Grown as garden plant, also runs wild
  • Key identification features : Straggling armed shrub, leaves opposite, elliptic, with glands in the axil. Glands brown and hairy. Flowers in terminal spikes, showy. Bracts foliar. Corolla tubular, limb funnel shaped, with unequal lobes. Filaments curved. Fruit a fleshy, oblong drupe.
  • Flower, Fruit : January-June
  • Collection Nos : KFP 11401
  • Distribution :
    • Karnataka : Bengaluru district
    • Kerala : Kozhikode district, Thrissur district, Kollam district
  • Native : Southeast Asia
  • World Distribution : Introduced
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Literature :
    • Sharma B.D, 1984 - Flora of Karnataka Analysis
    • Sasidharan, N. 2011. Flowering plants of Kerala. DVD, V 2, KFRI.
  • Read more :
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Deepak Kumar (2024). India Flora Online. http://indiafloraonline-ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Gmelina philippensis. Downloaded on 18 June 2024.

Herbarium Specimen(s)

Field Image(s)

India Distribution

World Distribution

Creative Commons License
India Flora Online by Herbarium JCB is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.