Gmelina asiatica L.

 
  • Family : VERBENACEAE
    (Verbena Or Vervain Family)
  • Family (Hindi name) : SAGVAN FAMILY (सागवान फैमिली)
  • Family (as per The APG System III) : Lamiaceae
  • Synonym(s) : Gmelina parviflora Roxb.
  • Species Name (as per The IPNI) : Gmelina asiatica L.
  • Common name : White Teak, Asian Bushbeech
  • Vernacular name :
    • Kirushivani (Kannada)
    • Nilakkumala, Mulkumil (Tamil)
    • Cherukumuzhu, Chulungu, kumilamaram, Mulkumizhu (Malayalam)
  • Habit : Tree
  • Habitat : Tropical dry deciduous forests and wastelands
  • Comments / notes : On plains to 1000m.
  • Key identification features : Small tree up to 2 m tall
  • Flower, Fruit : May-February
  • Collector(s) Name : C.J Saldanha; Raja K. Swamy
  • Collection Date : 11/10/2010
  • Collection Nos : FAP 40072
  • Collection Locality : Kalasamudram, Anantapur district (AP)
  • Distribution :
    • Andhra Pradesh : Kurnool district, Chittoor district, Srikakulam district, Vishakapatnam district, Kadapa district, East Godavari district, West Godavari district, Prakasam district, Anantapur district, Guntur district
    • Telangana : Khammam district
    • Kerala : Kannur district, Palakkad district, Idukki district, Kollam district, Thiruvananthapuram district
    • Odisha : Puri district, Khurda district, Ganjam district
    • Tamil Nadu : All districts of Tamil Nadu
  • World Distribution : India, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, Myanmar, Thailand, Malaysia, Indo-China, Indonesia
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Literature :
    • Pullaiah et al., 2011 - Flora of Eastern Ghats Vol. 4
    • J.L.Ellis, 1990- Flora of Nallamalais Vol. 2
    • H.O. Saxena & M. Brahmam, 1995- Flora of Orissa Vol. 3
    • R. S. Rao et al., 1986 - Flora of West Godavari District
    • R. S. Rao and S. H. Sreeramulu, 1986 - Flora of Srikakulam District
    • Matthew, K.M., The Flora of Tamil Nadu Carnatic, Vol.3 (1). Diocesan Press, Madras. 1983
    • Sasidharan, N. 2011. Flowering plants of Kerala. DVD, V 2, KFRI.
  • Read more :
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Deepak Kumar (2024). India Flora Online. http://indiafloraonline-ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Gmelina asiatica. Downloaded on 20 May 2024.

Botanical Description

Herbarium Specimen(s)

Line Drawings

Field Image(s)

India Distribution

World Distribution

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