Gmelina arborea Roxb.

 
  • Family : VERBENACEAE
    (Verbena Or Vervain Family)
  • Family (Hindi name) : SAGVAN FAMILY (सागवान फैमिली)
  • Family (as per The APG System III) : Lamiaceae
  • Synonym(s) : Gmelina oblongifolia Roxb.; Gmelina rheedei Hook.; Gmelina sinuata Link; Premna arborea Roth
  • Species Name (as per The IPNI) : Gmelina arborea Roxb.
  • Common name : White Teak, Coomb Teak, Candahar tree, Cashmeri teak, Gamari, Kambari
  • Vernacular name :
    • Gambhari, Gamari (Hindi)
    • Shivani (Kannada)
    • Gambhari, Kasmari (Sanskrit)
    • Shivani, Shivan (Marathi)
    • Adavi Gummidi, Gumarthek, Gamar teku, Pasini (Telugu)
    • Bhodropornni, Kumar, Gambhari, Sewan (Oria)
    • Kumalamaram (Tamil)
    • Kumalu, Kumbil, Kumizhanpazham, Kumizhu, Sevana (Malayalam)
  • Habit : Tree
  • Habitat : Deciduous forests and in the plains
  • Comments / notes : Common in all hill ranges in deciduous forests above 400m alt.
  • Key identification features : Unarmed. Bark greyish-yellow. Leaves broadly ovate, glabrous above, tomentose below. Flowers yellow, in terminal panicles. Drupe smooth yellow, orange when ripe.
  • Flower, Fruit : February-June
  • Distribution :
    • Andhra Pradesh : Srikakulam district, Kurnool district, Vishakapatnam district, Nellore district, Chittoor district, East Godavari district, West Godavari district, Vizianagaram district
    • Telangana : Mehboobnagar district, Adilabad district
    • Karnataka : Kolar district, Ballari district
    • Kerala : All districts of Kerala
    • Maharashtra : Akola district
    • Odisha : Ganjam district, Gajapati district, Sambalpur district
    • Tamil Nadu : Coimbatore district, Dharmapuri district, Dindigul district, Kanchipuram (Changalpattu-CGP) district, Madurai district, Namakkal district, The Nilgiri district, Salem district, Tirunelveli district, Tiruchirapalli district, Tiruvannamalai district, Virudhunagar district
    • Arunachal Pradesh : Arunachal Pradesh
    • Andaman and Nicobar Islands : Andaman and Nicobar Island
  • World Distribution : India, Sri Lanka, Himalayas, Philippines, Pakistan, Bhutan, Myanmar, Thailand, Indo-China, Malesia, Indonesia, China; introduced in many parts of tropical Africa and South America
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Literature :
    • Pullaiah et al., 2011 - Flora of Eastern Ghats Vol. 4
    • J.L.Ellis, 1990- Flora of Nallamalais Vol. 2
    • H.O. Saxena & M. Brahmam, 1995- Flora of Orissa Vol. 3
    • R. S. Rao et al., 1986 - Flora of West Godavari District
    • R. S. Rao and S. H. Sreeramulu, 1986 - Flora of Srikakulam District
    • H. O. Saxena and M. Brahmam, 1989 - The Flora of Similipahar (Similipal), Orissa
    • N.P.Singh, 1988. Flora of Eastern Karnataka
    • Sudhakar Reddy, C et al., 2009. Tree Wealth of Eastern Ghats of Andhra Pradesh, India
    • Matthew, K.M., The Flora of Tamil Nadu Carnatic, Vol.3 (1). Diocesan Press, Madras. 1983
    • Sasidharan, N. 2011. Flowering plants of Kerala. DVD, V 2, KFRI
    • Kamble & Pradhan, 1988. Flora of Akola District, Maharashtra. Botanical Survey of India
    • Parkinson, C.E. 1923. A Forest Flora of the Andaman Islands, Govt. of India, Shimla
    • 219
  • Read more :
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Deepak Kumar (2024). India Flora Online. http://indiafloraonline-ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Gmelina arborea. Downloaded on 20 May 2024.

Botanical Description

Herbarium Specimen(s)

Line Drawings

Field Image(s)

India Distribution

World Distribution

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