Glochidion ellipticum Wight

 
  • Family : EUPHORBIACEAE
    (Spurge Family)
  • Family (Hindi name) : AMLA FAMILY (आँवला फैमिली)
  • Family (as per The APG System III) : Euphorbiaceae
  • Synonym(s) : Glochidion assamicum (Müll.Arg.) Hook.f.; Glochidion balakrishnanii Jothi & al.; Phyllanthus malabaricus Müll.Arg.; Glochidion malabaricum (Müll.Arg.) Bedd.
  • Species Name (as per The IPNI) : Glochidion ellipticum Wight
  • Common name : Bhoma
  • Vernacular name :
    • Kaadukappi (Kannada)
    • Karumpulon, Thinakolli, Panippadukkaanai (Tamil)
    • Chendana, Chathak kadambu, Kulachan, Njanjatti (Malayalam)
  • Habit : Tree
  • Habitat : Tropical evergreen forests, Shola, occasional on hills above 900m along dry slopes and streams
  • Comments / notes : G. ellipticum Wight and G. malabaricum (Müll.Arg.) Bedd. are treated as two distinct species ( Flora of Karnataka vol. 2)
  • Key identification features : Branches angled. Leaf veins prominent, arching. Flowers greenish-yellow. Male flowers in axillary clusters, female flowers sub-sessile. Flowers greenish-yellow. Fruits sessile.
  • Flower, Fruit : January-October
  • Collection Nos : HFP 1315, CJS 16344, KFP 4801
  • Distribution :
    • Andhra Pradesh : Vishakapatnam district
    • Karnataka : Belagavi district, Chikkamagaluru district, Dakshina Kannada district, Udupi district, Hassan district, Kodagu (Coorg) district, Mysuru district, Shivamogga district, Uttara Kannada district
    • Kerala : Kannur district, Wayanad district, Kozhikode district, Malappuram district, Palakkad district, Thrissur district, Idukki district, Kottayam district, Pathanamthitta district, Kollam district, Thiruvananthapuram district
    • Maharashtra : Satara district, Thane district
    • Odisha : Angul district
    • Tamil Nadu : Alagar Hills (Madurai district), Kolli Hills (Namakkal district), Shevaroy Hills (Salem district), Kalrayan Hills (Salem district), Pachamalai Hills (Tiruchirapalli district), Bodamalai Hills (Salem district), Chitteri Hills (Vellore district), Sirumalai Hills (Dindigul district), Yelagiri Hills (Vellore district), Dharmapuri Hills (Dharmapuri district), Piranmalai Hills (Sivaganga district), Theerthamalai Hills (Dharmapuri district), Gingee Hill (Villipuram district), Javadu Hills (Tiruvannamalai district)
    • Uttarakhand : Uttarakhand
    • Sikkim : Sikkim
    • Himachal Pradesh : Himachal Pradesh
    • Arunachal Pradesh : Arunachal Pradesh
    • Meghalaya : Meghalaya
    • Assam : Assam
    • Nagaland : Nagaland
    • Mizoram : Mizoram
    • Manipur : Manipur
    • Tripura : Tripura
  • Native : Bangladesh, Bhutan, China, Hainan, India, Myanmar, Nepal, Taiwan, Thailand, Vietnam
  • Exotic/Native : Native
  • World Distribution : Bangladesh, Bhutan, China, Hainan, India, Myanmar, Nepal, Taiwan, Thailand, Vietnam
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Literature :
    • Saldanha & Nicolson, 1976 - Flora of Hassan district, Karnataka
    • Saldanha, C. J. 1996. Flora of Karnataka vol. 2
    • Keshava Murthy & Yoganarasimhan, 1990 - Flora of Coorg district, Karnataka state
    • H.O. Saxena & M. Brahmam, 1995- Flora of Orissa Vol. 3
    • Sudhakar Reddy, C et al., 2009. Tree Wealth of Eastern Ghats of Andhra Pradesh, India
    • Matthew, K.M., The Flora of Tamil Nadu Carnatic, Vol.3 (2). Diocesan Press, Madras. 1983
    • Sasidharan, N. 2011. Flowering plants of Kerala. DVD, V 2, KFRI
    • Balakrishna Gowda & A.N. Sringesh 2004 – Flora of Sringeri (checklist unpublished)
    • Rao & Razi, 1981 – A Synoptic Flora of Mysore District
    • Gopalakrishna Bhat, 2014 - Flora of South Kanara, pp.457
    • Flora of India by BSI (2012`), vol.23.
  • Read more :
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Deepak Kumar (2024). India Flora Online. http://indiafloraonline-ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Glochidion ellipticum. Downloaded on 27 May 2024.

Botanical Description

Herbarium Specimen(s)

Field Image(s)

Habitat

India Distribution

World Distribution

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