Garuga pinnata Roxb.

 
  • Family : BURSERACEAE
    (Bursera Family)
  • Family (Hindi name) : SALAI FAMILY
  • Family (as per The APG System III) : Burseraceae
  • Synonym(s) : Garuga kenghar Buch.-Ham.; Garuga pharhad Buch.-Ham.; Kunthia cochinensis Dennst.; Kunthia pinnata (Roxb.) Kuntze; Guaiacum abilo Blanco
  • Species Name (as per The IPNI) : Garuga pinnata Roxb.
  • Common name : Grey Downy Balsam Tree, Garuga
  • Vernacular name :
    • Jiga, Ghogar, Khogar, Kharpat, Kaikar (Hindi)
    • Halabalage, Goddana mara (Kannada)
    • Karu vembu (Tamil)
    • Garuga chettu, Garuga, Kondavepa, Garugudu, Garugu karra (Telugu)
    • Mohi, Sompotri, Saradi, Handala mohi, Handurmai, Kath-kusum, Kenkat, Kolimoi (Oria)
    • Krishnamlika, Golika (Sanskrit)
    • Annakkara, Eechakkara, Karuvembu, Kareyam, Kattukalasam, Kattunelli, Kosramba (Malayalam)
  • Habit : Tree
  • Habitat : Tropical dry deciduous forests, Tropical moist deciduous forests
  • Comments / notes : On hills up to 800m in moist deciduous belt in full sun.
  • Key identification features : Large tree with short, croweded panicles
  • Flower, Fruit : January-August
  • Collector(s) Name : Raja K.Swamy & Arun Singh R
  • Collection Date : 09/12/2014
  • Collection Nos : HJCB-E-73
  • Collection Locality : Kavalur Observatory, Jawadhu Hills, Tiruvannamalai district (TN)
  • Distribution :
    • Andhra Pradesh : Kurnool district, Vishakapatnam district
    • Karnataka : Belagavi district, Ballari district, Chikkamagaluru district, Chitradurga district, Dakshina Kannada district, Davanagare district, Hassan district, Kodagu (Coorg) district, Mysuru district, Shivamogga district, Tumakuru district, Uttara Kannada district
    • Kerala : Kasaragod district, Kannur district, Wayanad district, Kozhikode district, Palakkad district, Thrissur district, Thiruvananthapuram district
    • Maharashtra : Thane district
    • Odisha : All districts of Odisha
    • Tamil Nadu : Tiruvannamalai district, Coimbatore district, Madurai district, The Nilgiri district, Salem district, Dharmapuri district, Tiruchirapalli district
    • Madhya Pradesh : Madhya Pradesh
    • Uttarakhand : Nainital district
    • West Bengal : West Bengal
    • Assam : Assam
    • Bihar : Bihar
    • Andaman and Nicobar Islands : Ritchie\'s Archipelago taluk (Havelock Island),South Andaman,North and Middle Andaman and Baratang Island
  • Native : Andaman Islands, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Cambodia, China, India, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand, Vietnam
  • Exotic/Native : Native
  • World Distribution : Andaman Islands, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Cambodia, China, India, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand, Vietnam
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Literature :
    • Pullaiah et al., 2002 - Flora of Eastern Ghats Vol. 1
    • J.L.Ellis, 1987- Flora of Nallamalais Vol. 1
    • H.O. Saxena & M. Brahmam, 1994- Flora of Orissa Vol. 1
    • R. S. Rao et al., 1986 - Flora of West Godavari District
    • R. S. Rao and S. H. Sreeramulu, 1986 - Flora of Srikakulam District
    • H. O. Saxena and M. Brahmam, 1989 - The Flora of Similipahar (Similipal), Orissa
    • N.P.Singh, 1988. Flora of Eastern Karnataka
    • Matthew, K.M., Flora of Tamil Nadu Carnatic, Vol.3 (1). Diocesan Press, Madras. 1983
    • Henry, Kumari & Chithra (1983). Flora of Tamil Nadu, India vol. 1
    • Sasidharan, N. 2011. Flowering plants of Kerala. DVD, V 2, KFRI
    • Saldanha & Nicolson, 1976 – Flora of Hassan District
    • Saldanha, 1996
    • Rao & Razi, 1981 – A Synoptic Flora of Mysore District
    • Keshava Murthy & Yoganarasimhan, 1990 – Flora of Coorg District
    • Manjunath et al., 2003 – Flora of Davanagere District
    • Parkinson, C.E. 1923. A Forest Flora of the Andaman Islands, Govt. of India, Shimla
    • 115
  • Read more :
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Deepak Kumar (2024). India Flora Online. http://indiafloraonline-ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Garuga pinnata. Downloaded on 23 May 2024.

Botanical Description

Herbarium Specimen(s)

Line Drawings

Field Image(s)

Habitat

India Distribution

World Distribution

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