Acacia eburnea (L.f.) Willd.

 
  • Family : MIMOSACEAE
    (Pea Or Bean Family)
  • Family (Hindi name) : BABOOL FAMILY (बबूल फैमिली)
  • Family (as per The APG System III) : Leguminosae
  • Subfamily : Mimosoideae
  • Basionym : Mimosa eburnea L.f.
  • Synonym(s) : Acacia campbellii Arn.
  • Species Name (as per The IPNI) : Vachellia eburnea (L.f.) P.J.H.Hurter & Mabb.
  • Common name : Black Babool, Indian Cockspur Thorn
  • Vernacular name :
    • Pahari Kikar, Dev Babool (Hindi)
    • Bambolero, Jali, Joli, Pikajali (Kannada)
    • Marmat (Marathi)
    • Kudai vel, Kutai velam, Udaivel, Chillodai (Tamil)
    • Gabbuthumma, Gabbutumma, Jaali, Jali, Peekethumma, Piketumma (Telugu)
  • Habit : Tree
  • Habitat : Arid region
  • Comments / notes : In plains to scrub jungles.
  • Key identification features : Thorny tree, with comparatively large leaves. Stipular thorns large, ivory white, often hallow. Young branches pubescent, stipular spines prominent; gland just below the first pair of pinna. Flower heads in racemes. Pods thin, flat, curved in a hook, glabrous 5 - 10 seeded.
  • Flower, Fruit : October-April
  • Collector(s) Name : S.B.Manohar & S.R.Ramesh
  • Collection Nos : KFP 5840, KFP 5946
  • Distribution :
    • Andhra Pradesh : Chittoor district, Kadapa district
    • Karnataka : Chamarajanagar district, Ballari district, Vijayapura (Bijapur) district, Chitradurga district, Kalaburagi (Gulbarga) district, Mysuru district, Raichur district
    • Tamil Nadu : Tiruchirapalli district, Tirunelveli district, Kanchipuram (Changalpattu-CGP) district, Coimbatore district, Tiruchirapalli district, Tirunelveli district
    • Uttarakhand : Uttarakhand
    • Sikkim : Sikkim
    • Himachal Pradesh : Himachal Pradesh
    • Arunachal Pradesh : Arunachal Pradesh
    • Jammu and Kashmir : Jammu and Kashmir
  • Native : Afghanistan, Bhutan, India, Iran, Myanmar, Oman, Pakistan, Sri Lanka
  • Exotic/Native : Native
  • World Distribution : Afghanistan, Bhutan, India, Iran, Myanmar, Oman, Pakistan, Sri Lanka
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Literature :
    • Pullaiah et al., 2001 - Flora of Eastern Ghats Vol. 2
    • Matthew, K.M., Flora of Tamil Nadu Carnatic, Vol.3 (1). Diocesan Press, Madras. 1983
    • Henry, Kumari & Chithra (1983). Flora of Tamil Nadu, India vol. 1
    • Saldanha, 1984
    • N.P.Singh, 1988- Flora of Eastern Karnataka
    • Uniyal B.P., Sharma J.R., Choudhery U., Singh D.K. (2007). Flowering Plants of Uttarakhand: A Checklist. Bishen Singh Mahendra Pal Singh: 116
  • Read more :
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Deepak Kumar (2024). India Flora Online. http://indiafloraonline-ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Acacia eburnea. Downloaded on 15 June 2024.

Botanical Description

Herbarium Specimen(s)

Field Image(s)

India Distribution

World Distribution

Creative Commons License
India Flora Online by Herbarium JCB is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.