Gardenia resinifera Roth

 
  • Family : RUBIACEAE
    (Madder Or Coffee Family)
  • Family (Hindi name) : COFFEE FAMILY (कॉफी फैमिली)
  • Family (as per The APG System III) : Rubiaceae
  • Species Name (as per The IPNI) : Gardenia resinifera Roth
  • Common name : Brilliant Gardenia, Gummy gardenia, White emetic nut
  • Vernacular name :
    • Dekamali, Dikmali (Hindi)
    • Pannipavatta, Kambimaram, Picinpatti, Picinpavattai, Kambilipicin (Tamil)
    • Yerrabikki, Erubikki, Karinga, Chinna karinga, Verri bikki (Telugu)
    • Dikamali kayam (Malayalam)
  • Habit : Tree
  • Habitat : Tropical dry deciduous forests
  • Comments / notes : Common in open forests, rocky hills in deciduous forests and extending into foothills of scrub jungles.
  • Key identification features : Small, unarmed tree; Leaves oblong or oval or obovate, obtuse or with a short blunt point; Flowers white fragrant; Fruit drupe, oblong.
  • Flower, Fruit : April-July
  • Collector(s) Name : Raja K. Swamy
  • Collection Date : 21/08/2010
  • Collection Nos : FAP 39109
  • Collection Locality : Kalasamudram, Anantapur district (AP)
  • Distribution :
    • Andhra Pradesh : Prakasam district, Nellore district, Kurnool district, Kadapa district, Chittoor district, Srikakulam district, West Godavari district, Vishakapatnam district
    • Telangana : Mehboobnagar district
    • Karnataka : Bidar district
    • Kerala : Kozhikode district, Palakkad district, Idukki district
    • Maharashtra : Thane district
    • Odisha : Koraput district, Khurda district
    • Tamil Nadu : All districts of Tamil Nadu
  • Native : Bangladesh, India, Myanmar
  • Exotic/Native : Native
  • World Distribution : Bangladesh, India, Myanmar
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Literature :
    • Pullaiah et al., 2007 - Flora of Eastern Ghats Vol. 3
    • J.L.Ellis, 1987- Flora of Nallamalais Vol. 1
    • H.O. Saxena & M. Brahmam, 1995- Flora of Orissa Vol. 2
    • R. S. Rao et al., 1986 - Flora of West Godavari District
    • R. S. Rao and S. H. Sreeramulu, 1986 - Flora of Srikakulam District
    • H. O. Saxena and M. Brahmam, 1989 - The Flora of Similipahar (Similipal), Orissa
    • Sudhakar Reddy, C et al., 2009. Tree Wealth of Eastern Ghats of Andhra Pradesh, India
    • Ravikumar & Balachandran-2014, Journal of Threatened Taxa 6(8): 6108–6121
    • Matthew, K.M., Flora of Tamil Nadu Carnatic, Vol.3 (1). Diocesan Press, Madras. 1983
    • Sasidharan, N. 2011. Flowering plants of Kerala. DVD, V 2, KFRI.
  • Read more :
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Deepak Kumar (2024). India Flora Online. http://indiafloraonline-ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Gardenia resinifera. Downloaded on 21 May 2024.

Botanical Description

Herbarium Specimen(s)

Line Drawings

Field Image(s)

Habitat

India Distribution

World Distribution

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