Gagea reticulata (Pall.) Schult. & Schult.f.

 
  • Family : LILIACEAE
    (Lily Family)
  • Family (Hindi name) : BACHNAG FAMILY (बचनाग फैमिली)
  • Family (as per The APG System III) : Liliaceae
  • Basionym : Ornithogalum reticulatum Pall.
  • Synonym(s) : Ornithogalum circinatum L.f.; Ornithogalum rigidum Spruner ex Boiss.; Stellaster reticulatus (Pall.) Kuntze; Stellaster rigidus (Spruner ex Boiss.) Kuntze; Gagea alexandrina Boiss.; Gagea pseudoreticulata Vved.; Gagea reticularis Salisb.; Gagea reticulata var. pascualis Levichev; Gagea teheranica Gand.; Gagea tenuifolia (Boiss.) Fomin; Hornungia circinnata (L.f.) Bernh.
  • Species Name (as per The IPNI) : Gagea reticulata (Pall.) Schult. & Schult.f.
  • Common name : Netveined Star of Bethlehem
  • Habit : Herb
  • Habitat : Stony slopes and forest margins
  • Key identification features : Plants 5-8(10) cm in height, solitary or in small groups. Bulb 4-10 mm in diameter, roundishly-oviform, covered by thin coriaceous light brown, fiber-l ike tunic, hav ing thin sclerified roots. Vegetative bulbil semi-dro p-shaped, single, in the axil of the second basal leaf and (less often) one or two bulbils in the axil of peduncle leaves below the surface of the soil. Peduncle 0.5-1(2) cm long, covered in soil. Basal leaves 1-2, superficially-grooved (grass-l ike) 2-3 times longer than the inflorescence, base 2 mm broad, gradually becoming less broad, the second leaf is free or it usually accretes in mature plants with peduncle up to the inflorescence. Peduncle leaves verticillate, lower leaf exceeds the inflorescence, at the base up to 3.5 mm broad, upper leaves smaller. Inflorescence 3-30 (or more)-flowered, fasciculate, pedicels unequal, get extended, 0.5-40(55) mm long. Tepals narrowly-lanceolate (tip slender) get extended during flowering, 10-17 mm long, 1-1.7 mm broad, yellow within, white-pale-bordered, external tepals longer and broader. Anthers in flower buds red-violet, subsequently yellow, linear, 2 mm long, dehiscence oblong, 1-1.4 mm long. Ovary roundish-oblong. Capsule oviform, almost twice shorter than the tepals, up to 10 mm in diameter in the first flower, subsequently decreasing (up to 4 mm in diameter). Seeds thin-flat.
  • Flower, Fruit : March-April
  • Distribution :
    • Uttarakhand : Uttarakhand
    • Himachal Pradesh : Hamirpur district
  • Native : Afghanistan to Western Himalaya
  • Exotic/Native : Native
  • World Distribution : South-East Europe to West Himalaya, North Africa to Arabian Peninsula
  • Literature :
    • Photographs of Ashuthosh Sharma
    • Uniyal B.P., Sharma J.R., Choudhery U., Singh D.K. (2007). Flowering Plants of Uttarakhand: A Checklist. Bishen Singh Mahendra Pal Singh: 240
  • Read more :
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Deepak Kumar (2024). India Flora Online. http://indiafloraonline-ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Gagea reticulata. Downloaded on 24 June 2024.

Field Image(s)

India Distribution

World Distribution

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