Firmiana colorata (Roxb.) R.Br.

 
  • Family : STERCULIACEAE
    (Sterculia Or Cocoa Family)
  • Family (Hindi name) : COCOA FAMILY
  • Family (as per The APG System III) : Malvaceae
  • Basionym : Sterculia colorata Roxb.
  • Synonym(s) : Clompanus colorata (Roxb.) Kuntze; Erythropsis colorata (Roxb.) Burkill; Erythropsis roxburghiana Schott & Endl.; Firmiana rubriflora Kosterm.; Karaka colorata (Roxb.) Raf.; Sterculia rubicunda Wall.
  • Species Name (as per The IPNI) : Firmiana colorata (Roxb.) R.Br.
  • Common name : Scarlet Sterculia, Colored Sterculia, Hill Gossypium
  • Vernacular name :
    • Bodula, Samarri (Hindi)
    • Bilisulige (Kannada)
    • Malamparuthi (Tamil)
    • Korata, Maraka, Kharaka, Karubopajja (Telugu)
    • Kodalo, Pani kodal (Oria)
    • Bhaikoi, Bharkoi, Kaushil, Khowsey, Supli (Marathi)
    • Malamparathi, Kleeni, Kiliyani (Malayalam)
  • Habit : Tree
  • Habitat : Tropical dry deciduous forests
  • Comments / notes : Occasional on the slopes of deciduous forests at 1000m. Flowers are bright, showy and can be recognised from far off distance
  • Flower, Fruit : March-June
  • Collector(s) Name : Raja K.Swamy
  • Collection Date : 26/06/2010
  • Collection Nos : FAP 39592
  • Collection Locality : Batrepalli, Anantapur district
  • Distribution :
    • Andhra Pradesh : Anantapur district, Chittoor district, Kadapa district, East Godavari district, Guntur district, Krishna district, Kurnool district, Nellore district, Prakasam district, Srikakulam district, Vishakapatnam district, Vizianagaram district, West Godavari district
    • Telangana : Nalgonda district, Khammam district, Mehboobnagar district
    • Karnataka : Bengaluru district, Belagavi district, Chitradurga district, Dakshina Kannada district, Hassan district, Mysuru district, Shivamogga district, Tumakuru district
    • Kerala : Kasaragod district, Wayanad district, Palakkad district, Thrissur district, Idukki district, Kollam district, Thiruvananthapuram district
    • Maharashtra : Ratnagiri district, Thane district
    • Odisha : Angul district, Mayurbhanj district, Sundergarh district, Kalhandi district
    • Tamil Nadu : Namakkal district, Salem district, Vellore district, Dharmapuri district, Tiruvannamalai district
    • Sikkim : Sikkim
    • Himachal Pradesh : Himachal Pradesh
    • Arunachal Pradesh : Arunachal Pradesh
    • Assam : Assam
    • Andaman and Nicobar Islands : North and Middle Andaman,South Andaman, Long & Baratang Islands
  • Native : Andaman Islands, Bangladesh, Cambodia, China, Bhutan, India, Laos, Malaya, Myanmar, Nepal, Sri Lanka, Sumatera, Thailand, Vietnam
  • Exotic/Native : Native
  • World Distribution : Andaman Islands, Bangladesh, Cambodia, China, Bhutan, India, Laos, Malaya, Myanmar, Nepal, Sri Lanka, Sumatera, Thailand, Vietnam
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Literature :
    • Pullaiah et al., 2002 - Flora of Eastern Ghats Vol. 1
    • J.L.Ellis, 1987- Flora of Nallamalais Vol. 1
    • H.O. Saxena & M. Brahmam, 1994- Flora of Orissa Vol. 1
    • H. O. Saxena and M. Brahmam, 1989 - The Flora of Similipahar (Similipal), Orissa
    • Sudhakar Reddy, C et al., 2009. Tree Wealth of Eastern Ghats of Andhra Pradesh, India
    • Franklin Benjamin & G.V.S.Murthy, 2013. Flora of Sri Venkateswara National Park, Andhra Pradesh, BSI.
    • Matthew, K.M., Flora of Tamil Nadu Carnatic, Vol.3 (1). Diocesan Press, Madras. 1983
    • Sasidharan, N. 2011. Flowering plants of Kerala. DVD, V 2, KFRI
    • Saldanha & Nicolson, 1976 – Flora of Hassan District
    • Cecil J. Saldanha, S. R. Ramesh (1984). Flora of Karnataka State vol. 1. Oxford and IBH Publishing Co, New Delhi
    • Ramaswamy & Razi, 1973 – Flora of Bangalore District
    • Rao & Razi, 1981 – A Synoptic Flora of Mysore District
    • N.P.Singh, 1988- Flora of Eastern Karnataka
    • Parkinson, C.E. 1923. A Forest Flora of the Andaman Islands, Govt. of India, Shimla
    • 101
  • Read more :
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Deepak Kumar (2024). India Flora Online. http://indiafloraonline-ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Firmiana colorata. Downloaded on 20 May 2024.

Botanical Description

Herbarium Specimen(s)

Line Drawings

Field Image(s)

Habitat

India Distribution

World Distribution

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