Erythrina variegata L.

 
  • Family : FABACEAE
    (Pea Or Bean Family)
  • Family (Hindi name) : PALASH FAMILY (पलाश फैमिली)
  • Family (as per The APG System III) : Leguminosae
  • Subfamily : Faboideae
  • Synonym(s) : Chirocalyx candolleanus Walp.; Chirocalyx divaricatus (Moc. & Sessé ex DC.) Walp.; Chirocalyx indicus (Lam.) Walp.; Chirocalyx pictus (L.) Walp.; Corallodendron divaricatum (Moc. & Sessé ex DC.) Kuntze; Corallodendron lobulatum (Miq.) Kuntze; Corallodendron orientale (L.) Kuntze; Corallodendron spathaceum (DC.) Kuntze; Erythrina alba Cogn. & Marchand; Erythrina boninensis Tuyama; Erythrina corallodendron Lam.; Erythrina divaricata Moc. & Sessé ex DC.; Erythrina indica Lam.; Erythrina indica var. phlebocarpa (F.M.Bailey) Domin; Erythrina lobulata Miq.; Erythrina loureiroi G.Don; Erythrina orientalis (L.) Murray; Erythrina panduriformis Blume ex Miq.; Erythrina phlebocarpa F.M.Bailey; Erythrina picta L.; Erythrina resupinata Moritzi; Erythrina rostrata Ridl.; Erythrina spathacea DC.; Erythrina variegata var. alba (Blatt. & Millard) M.R.Almeida; Tetradapa javanorum Osbeck
  • Species Name (as per The IPNI) : Erythrina variegata L.
  • Common name : Indian Coral Tree, Tiger's claw
  • Vernacular name :
    • Paribhadrika (Sanskrit)
    • Pharad, Pangra, Dadp, Pankara (Hindi)
    • Kalyana-murungai (Tamil)
    • Mulla moduga, Badisa, Bedita, Baridamu (Telugu)
    • Chavuldhua, Paladhua (Oria)
    • Paribhadrika (Sanskrit)
    • Harivana, Harivana (Kannada)
    • Kalyana, Mullumurukku, Murukku (Malayalam)
  • Habit : Tree
  • Habitat : Tropical dry deciduous forests
  • Comments / notes : Planted in hedges and as support for pepper and betel vines.
  • Key identification features : Prickly tree; soft wooded; prickles on stem
  • Flower, Fruit : February-July
  • Collection Nos : CJS 16905
  • Distribution :
    • Andhra Pradesh : Vishakapatnam district, Nellore district, Srikakulam district
    • Karnataka : Bengaluru district, Bidar district, Chikkamagaluru district, Dakshina Kannada district, Kodagu (Coorg) district, Tumakuru district, Udupi district
    • Kerala : All districts of Kerala
    • Odisha : Kandhamal district, Ganjam district
    • Tamil Nadu : Salem district, Namakkal district, Dharmapuri district, Kanchipuram (Changalpattu-CGP) district, Coimbatore district, Madurai district, The Nilgiri district, Villipuram district, Cuddalore district, Tiruchirapalli district
    • Andaman and Nicobar Islands : Andaman and Nicobar Island
  • Exotic/Native : Native
  • World Distribution : India, Sri Lanka, Myanmar, Thailand, Cambodia, Laos, Vietnam, China through Malaysia; introduced in Africa, Madagascar and Polynesia
  • Conservation Status : Least Concern (LC)
  • Literature :
    • H.O. Saxena & M. Brahmam, 1994- Flora of Orissa Vol. 1
    • R. S. Rao and S. H. Sreeramulu, 1986 - Flora of Srikakulam District
    • IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.1.
    • Matthew, K.M., Flora of Tamil Nadu Carnatic, Vol.3 (1). Diocesan Press, Madras. 1983
    • Pullaiah et al., 2001 - Flora of Eastern Ghats Vol. 2
    • Flora of Karnataka, Saldanha, 1984
    • Keshava Murthy & Yoganarasimhan, 1990 - Flora of Coorg district, Karnataka state
    • Gopalakrishna Bhat, 2003 - Udupi
    • Gopalakrishna Bhat, 2014 - Flora of South Kanara
    • Sasidharan, N. 2011. Flowering plants of Kerala. DVD, V 2, KFRI
    • Henry, Kumari & Chithra (1983). Flora of Tamil Nadu, India vol. 1.
    • Parkinson, C.E. 1923. A Forest Flora of the Andaman Islands, Govt. of India, Shimla
    • 152
  • Read more :
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Deepak Kumar (2024). India Flora Online. http://indiafloraonline-ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Erythrina variegata. Downloaded on 22 June 2024.

Botanical Description

Herbarium Specimen(s)

Line Drawings

Field Image(s)

Habitat

India Distribution

World Distribution

Creative Commons License
India Flora Online by Herbarium JCB is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.