Erythrina stricta Roxb.

 
  • Family : FABACEAE
    (Pea Or Bean Family)
  • Family (Hindi name) : PALASH FAMILY (पलाश फैमिली)
  • Family (as per The APG System III) : Leguminosae
  • Subfamily : Faboideae
  • Synonym(s) : Micropteryx stricta (Roxb.) Walp.; Corallodendron strictum (Roxb.) Kuntze; Erythrina stricta var. yunnanensis (H.T.Tsai & T.T.Yu ex S.K.Lee) R.Sha; Erythrina yunnanensis H.T.Tsai & T.T.Yu ex S.K.Lee
  • Species Name (as per The IPNI) : Erythrina stricta Roxb.
  • Common name : Indian Coral tree; Corky Coral Tree, Indian Coral Tree
  • Vernacular name :
    • Keechige (Kannada)
    • Murukkai (Tamil)
    • Mullamodugu (Telugu)
    • Chaldua (Oria)
    • Aann-murikku, Mullumurukku, Murikku, Venmurukku (Malayalam)
  • Habit : Tree
  • Habitat : Tropical dry deciduous forests and often planted
  • Comments / notes : Flowers appearing before leaves
  • Key identification features : A large tree with trunk and branches covered with sharp conical whitish prickles, and with scarlet flowers in dense one-sided spike-like clusters occurring at the ends of stout leafless branches in spring
  • Flower, Fruit : January-May
  • Distribution :
    • Andhra Pradesh : Guntur district
    • Karnataka : Davanagare district, Hassan district, Kodagu (Coorg) district, Mysuru district, Uttara Kannada district
    • Kerala : Wayanad district, Malappuram district, Palakkad district, Thrissur district, Idukki district, Kottayam district, Pathanamthitta district, Thiruvananthapuram district
    • Maharashtra : Pune district
    • Odisha : Khurda district
    • Tamil Nadu : Salem district, The Nilgiri district, Villipuram district, Cuddalore district, Tiruchirapalli district
    • Uttarakhand : Uttarakhand
    • Sikkim : Sikkim
    • Himachal Pradesh : Himachal Pradesh
    • Arunachal Pradesh : Arunachal Pradesh
    • Meghalaya : East Khasi Hills (Shillong) district
    • Assam : Assam
  • Native : Bangladesh, Bhutan, Cambodia, China, India, Lakshadweep Islands, Laos, Myanmar, Nepal, Thailand, Tibet, Vietnam
  • Exotic/Native : Native
  • World Distribution : Bangladesh, Bhutan, Cambodia, China, India, Lakshadweep Islands, Laos, Myanmar, Nepal, Thailand, Tibet, Vietnam
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Literature :
    • Pullaiah et al., 2001 - Flora of Eastern Ghats Vol. 2
    • J.L.Ellis, 1987- Flora of Nallamalais Vol. 1
    • H.O. Saxena & M. Brahmam, 1994- Flora of Orissa Vol. 1
    • Matthew, K.M., Flora of Tamil Nadu Carnatic, Vol.3 (1). Diocesan Press, Madras. 1983
    • Sasidharan, N. 2011. Flowering plants of Kerala. DVD, V 2, KFRI
    • Henry, Kumari & Chithra (1983). Flora of Tamil Nadu, India vol. 1
    • Saldanha & Nicolson, 1976 – Flora of Hassan District
    • Cecil J. Saldanha, S. R. Ramesh (1984). Flora of Karnataka State vol. 1. Oxford and IBH Publishing Co, New Delhi
    • Rao & Razi, 1981 – A Synoptic Flora of Mysore District
    • Keshava Murthy & Yoganarasimhan, 1990 – Flora of Coorg District
    • Manjunath et al., 2003 – Flora of Davanagere District
    • Oleg P & Adam S (1984). Flowers of Himalaya. Oxford University Press: 91
    • Grierson A.J.C & Long D.G (1983). Flora of Bhutan Vol.1 (3):683-684
  • Read more :
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Deepak Kumar (2024). India Flora Online. http://indiafloraonline-ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Erythrina stricta. Downloaded on 13 June 2024.

Botanical Description

Herbarium Specimen(s)

Line Drawings

Field Image(s)

India Distribution

World Distribution

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