Acacia caesia (L.) Willd.

 
  • Family : MIMOSACEAE
    (Pea Or Bean Family)
  • Family (Hindi name) : BABOOL FAMILY (बबूल फैमिली)
  • Family (as per The APG System III) : Leguminosae
  • Subfamily : Mimosoideae
  • Basionym : Mimosa caesia L.
  • Synonym(s) : Acacia intsia Willd. var. caesia (L.) Baker; Acacia columnaris Craib.
  • Species Name (as per The IPNI) : Senegalia caesia (L.) Maslin, Seigler & Ebinger
  • Common name : Black Catechu, Soap bark
  • Vernacular name :
    • Aila, Nikuncam (Hindi)
    • Kadu seege (Kannada)
    • Kari indu, Karinda (Tamil)
    • Korinta, Kondakorinda, Yerracheeki (Telugu)
    • Dentari (Oria)
    • Nikunjika (Sanskrit)
    • Eenga, Eenja, Incha, Palinja, Velutha-incha (Malayalam)
  • Habit : Liana
  • Habitat : River banks, wasteland, scrub jungles and along hill slopes. Foot hills of Tropical evergreen forests, Tropical semi-evergreen forests
  • Comments / notes : In plains to 1000m. Common
  • Key identification features : Prickles large; coppery pods turning brown; Woody, armed shrubs; Leaflets 40-50, thinly membranous, sharply acute; Flowers creamy white in globose heads; Pods dark brown, glabrous
  • Flower, Fruit : June-April
  • Distribution :
    • Andhra Pradesh : Vishakapatnam district, Kadapa district, Chittoor district, Srikakulam district
    • Karnataka : Chikkamagaluru district, Kodagu (Coorg) district, Mysuru district, SHM, Udupi district, Dakshina Kannada district
    • Kerala : Kasaragod district, Kannur district, Wayanad district, Kozhikode district, Palakkad district, Thrissur district, Idukki district, Kottayam district, Pathanamthitta district, Kollam district, Thiruvananthapuram district
    • Odisha : Gajapati district, Salur-Koraput Ghat (Koraput district), Mayurbhanj district, Cuttack district, Angul district, Dhenkanal district, Puri district, Ganjam district, Khurda district
    • Tamil Nadu : All districts of Tamil Nadu
    • Uttarakhand : Uttarakhand
    • Sikkim : Sikkim
    • Himachal Pradesh : Himachal Pradesh
    • Arunachal Pradesh : Changlang, Dibang valley, Siang, Subansiri
    • Meghalaya : Meghalaya
    • Assam : Assam
    • Nagaland : Nagaland
    • Jammu and Kashmir : Jammu and Kashmir
    • Mizoram : Mizoram
    • Manipur : Manipur
    • Tripura : Tripura
  • Native : Bangladesh, Bhutan, Cambodia, China, Hainan, India, Laos, Myanmar, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Vietnam
  • Exotic/Native : Native
  • World Distribution : Bangladesh, Bhutan, Cambodia, China, Hainan, India, Laos, Myanmar, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Vietnam
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Literature :
    • Pullaiah et al., 2001 - Flora of Eastern Ghats Vol. 2
    • H.O. Saxena & M. Brahmam, 1994- Flora of Orissa Vol. 1
    • R. S. Rao and S. H. Sreeramulu, 1986 - Flora of Srikakulam District
    • H. O. Saxena and M. Brahmam, 1989 - The Flora of Similipahar (Similipal), Orissa
    • Matthew, K.M., Flora of Tamil Nadu Carnatic, Vol.3 (1). Diocesan Press, Madras. 1983
    • Sasidharan, N. 2011. Flowering plants of Kerala. DVD, V 2, KFRI
    • Henry, Kumari & Chithra (1983). Flora of Tamil Nadu, India vol. 1
    • Henry, Kumari & Chithra (1983). Flora of Tamil Nadu, India vol. 1
    • Saldanha, 1984
    • Rao & Razi, 1981 - Mysore
    • Keshava Murthy & Yoganarasimhan, 1990 - Flora of Coorg district, Karnataka state
    • Gopalakrishna Bhat, 2003 - Udupi
    • Gopalakrishna Bhat, 2014 - Flora of South Kanara.
    • P.K . Hajra ., D.M. Verma and G.S. Giri (1996). Materials For The Flora Of Arunachal Pradesh , Vol (1), Pg : 433
  • Read more :
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Deepak Kumar (2024). India Flora Online. http://indiafloraonline-ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Acacia caesia. Downloaded on 27 May 2024.

Botanical Description

Herbarium Specimen(s)

Line Drawings

Field Image(s)

Habitat

India Distribution

World Distribution

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