Dillenia pentagyna Roxb.

 
  • Family : DILLENIACEAE
    (Dillenia Family)
  • Family (Hindi name) : KARMAL FAMILY (करमल फैमिली)
  • Family (as per The APG System III) : Dilleniaceae
  • Synonym(s) : Colbertia augusta Wall. ex G.Don; Colbertia coromandelina DC.; Colbertia floribunda Wall.; Colbertia minor Zoll. & Moritzi; Dillenia augusta Roxb.; Dillenia baillonii Pierre ex Laness.; Dillenia floribunda Hook.f. & Thomson; Dillenia hainanensis Merr.; Dillenia minor (Zoll. & Moritzi) Gilg; Wormia augusta (Roxb.) Steud.; Wormia coromandelina (DC.) Spreng.; Wormia floribunda (Wall.) Steud.; Wormia pentagyna var. augusta Kurz
  • Species Name (as per The IPNI) : Dillenia pentagyna Roxb.
  • Vernacular name :
    • Aggai, Kallai (Hindi)
    • Kadu kanigala, Madathega, Kaltega (Kannada)
    • Naitekku (Tamil)
    • Kalinga, Chinna Kalinga, Ravudana (Telugu)
    • Rai, Kirmilla (Oria)
    • Karanbidi, Karmal, Karmvel, Karval, Sua (Marathi)
    • Kattupunnakai, Kodapunna, Malampunna, Naithekku, Pattipunna, Punna, Valapunna (Malayalam)
  • Habit : Tree
  • Habitat : Tropical moist deciduous forests
  • Comments / notes : Occasional. Fruits are edible. Wood is used for timber implements. Deciduous Feb-May
  • Flower, Fruit : February-June
  • Distribution :
    • Andhra Pradesh : Visakhapatnam district (Vishakapatnam district), Talakona Hills (Chittoor district), Nallamalai Hills (Kurnool district), East Godavari district (East Godavari district), Papikonda Hills (West Godavari district), Srikakulam district, Prakasham district (Prakasam district), Kurnool district (Kurnool district), Guntur district (Guntur district)
    • Karnataka : Dakshina Kannada district
    • Kerala : Kasaragod district, Kannur district, Wayanad district, Kozhikode district, Malappuram district, Palakkad district, Thrissur district, Idukki district, Kottayam district, Pathanamthitta district, Kollam district, Thiruvananthapuram district
    • Maharashtra : All districts of Maharashtra open forests
    • Odisha : Angul district, Bolangir district, Balasore district, Bargarh district, Boudh district, Cuttack district, Deogarh district, Dhenkanal district, Gajapati district, Ganjam district, Kalhandi district, Kandhamal district, Kendrapara district, Keonjhar district, Khurda district, Koraput district, Malkangiri district, Mayurbhanj district, Rayagada district,Sambalpur district, Sundergarh district
    • Tamil Nadu : Coimbatore district, Kanyakumari district, Tirunelveli district
    • Uttarakhand : Uttarakhand
    • Sikkim : Sikkim
    • West Bengal : West Bengal
    • Himachal Pradesh : Himachal Pradesh
    • Arunachal Pradesh : Arunachal Pradesh
    • Meghalaya : Meghalaya
    • Assam : Assam
    • Nagaland : Nagaland
    • Jammu and Kashmir : Jammu and Kashmir
    • Mizoram : Mizoram
    • Andaman and Nicobar Islands : Andaman and Nicobar Islands
    • Manipur : Manipur
    • Tripura : Tripura
  • Native : Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Cambodia, China, Hainan, India, Jawa, Laos, Lesser Sunda Islands, Malaya, Myanmar, Nepal, Sri Lanka, Sulawesi, Thailand, Vietnam
  • Exotic/Native : Native
  • World Distribution : Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Cambodia, China, Hainan, India, Jawa, Laos, Lesser Sunda Islands, Malaya, Myanmar, Nepal, Sri Lanka, Sulawesi, Thailand, Vietnam
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Literature :
    • Pullaiah et al., 2002 - Flora of Eastern Ghats Vol. 1
    • J.L.Ellis, 1987- Flora of Nallamalais Vol. 1
    • H.O. Saxena & M. Brahmam, 1994- Flora of Orissa Vol. 1
    • R. S. Rao et al., 1986 - Flora of West Godavari District
    • R. S. Rao and S. H. Sreeramulu, 1986 - Flora of Srikakulam District
    • Franklin Benjamin & G.V.S.Murthy, 2013. Flora of Sri Venkateswara National Park, Andhra Pradesh, BSI
    • Henry, Kumari & Chithra (1983). Flora of Tamil Nadu, India vol. 1
    • Sasidharan, N. 2011. Flowering plants of Kerala. DVD, V 2, KFRI.
    • Deb, D.B. (1981) The Flora of Tripura State. Vol. 2. Today and Tomorrow’s Printers and Publishers, New Delhi.
  • Read more :
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Deepak Kumar (2024). India Flora Online. http://indiafloraonline-ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Dillenia pentagyna. Downloaded on 30 May 2024.

Botanical Description

Herbarium Specimen(s)

Line Drawings

Field Image(s)

Habitat

India Distribution

World Distribution

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