Desmodium triflorum (L.) DC.

 
  • Family : FABACEAE
    (Pea Or Bean Family)
  • Family (Hindi name) : PALASH FAMILY (पलाश फैमिली)
  • Family (as per The APG System III) : Leguminosae
  • Subfamily : Faboideae
  • Basionym : Hedysarum triflorum L.
  • Synonym(s) : Desmodium triflorum var. minus Wight & Arn.
  • Species Name (as per The IPNI) : Grona triflora (L.) H.Ohashi & K.Ohashi
  • Common name : Three Flowered Trickle foil
  • Vernacular name :
    • Kudaliya (Hindi)
    • Kadupullam purache, Kadu avare gida (Kannada)
    • Muntamandu (Telugu)
    • Kuradia gachha, Katkana, Kaan sisna, Lathna (Oria)
    • Tripadi (Sanskrit)
    • Cherupulladi, Cherupalladi, Kunnappalai, Nilamparanda, Nilampulladi (Malayalam)
  • Habit : Herb
  • Habitat : Grasslands, Tropical moist deciduous forests, and plains
  • Comments / notes : On plains up to 1600m with a wide range of habitats. Optimum size in clayey soil, especially by river beds and along roadsides.
  • Flower, Fruit : Throughout the year
  • Distribution :
    • Andhra Pradesh : Anantapur district, Chittoor district, Kadapa district, East Godavari district, Guntur district, Krishna district, Kurnool district, Nellore district, Prakasam district, Srikakulam district, Vishakapatnam district, Vizianagaram district, West Godavari district
    • Telangana : Nalgonda district, Khammam district, Mehboobnagar district
    • Karnataka : Ballari district, Chamarajanagar district, Kolar district, Bengaluru district, Chikkamagaluru district, Dakshina Kannada district, Davanagare district, Hassan district, Kodagu (Coorg) district, Mysuru district, Shivamogga district, Udupi district, Uttara Kannada district
    • Kerala : All districts of Kerala
    • Maharashtra : Thane district
    • Odisha : Angul district, Balasore district, Bargarh district, Bolangir district, Boudh district, Cuttack district, Deogarh district, Dhenkanal district, Gajapati district, Ganjam district, Kalhandi district, Kandhamal district, Kendrapara district, Keonjhar district, Khurda district, Koraput district, Malkangiri district, Mayurbhanj district, Puri district, Rayagada district,Sambalpur district, Sundergarh district
    • Tamil Nadu : Coimbatore district, Dindigul district, Dharmapuri district, Kanchipuram (Changalpattu-CGP) district, Karur district, Krishnagiri district, Madurai district, Namakkal district, Pudukkottai district, Sivaganga district, Salem district, Tiruchirapalli district, Tiruvannamalai district, Villipuram district, Vellore district
    • Uttarakhand : Uttarakhand
    • Sikkim : Sikkim
    • Himachal Pradesh : Himachal Pradesh
    • Arunachal Pradesh : Arunachal Pradesh
    • Meghalaya : Meghalaya
    • Assam : Assam
    • Nagaland : Nagaland
    • Mizoram : Mizoram
    • Manipur : Manipur
    • Tripura : Tripura
    • Lakshadweep : Lakshadweep
  • Native : Angola, Bangladesh, Belize, Benin, Bhutan, Bismarck Archipelago, Bolivia, Borneo, Brazil, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Caroline Islands, Cayman Islands, Central African Repu, China, Colombia, Comoros, Congo, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, El Salvad
  • Exotic/Native : Native
  • World Distribution : Angola, Bangladesh, Belize, Benin, Bhutan, Bismarck Archipelago, Bolivia, Borneo, Brazil, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Caroline Islands, Cayman Islands, Central African Repu, China, Colombia, Comoros, Congo, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, El Salvador, Equatorial Guinea, Fiji, Florida, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Gulf of Guinea Islands, Hainan, Haiti, Honduras, India, Ivory Coast, Jamaica, Jawa, Kazan-retto, Kenya, Lakshadweep Islands, Leeward Islands, Lesser Sunda Islands, Liberia, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaya, Maldives, Mali, Maluku, Marianas, Mauritius, Mexico, Myanmar, Nansei-shoto, Nepal, Netherlands Antilles, New Guinea, Nicaragua, Nigeria, Pakistan, Panamá, Philippines, Puerto Rico, Rodrigues, Réunion, Samoa, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Socotra, South China Sea, Southwest Caribbean, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Sulawesi, Sumatera, Taiwan, Tanzania, Thailand, Togo, Tonga, Trinidad-Tobago, Uganda, Vanuatu, Venezuela, Vietnam, Wallis-Futuna Islands, Windward Islands, Yemen, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe
  • Conservation Status : Least Concern (LC)
  • Literature :
    • Pullaiah et al., 2001 - Flora of Eastern Ghats Vol. 2
    • J.L.Ellis, 1987- Flora of Nallamalais Vol. 1
    • H.O. Saxena & M. Brahmam, 1994- Flora of Orissa Vol. 1
    • R. S. Rao et al., 1986 - Flora of West Godavari District
    • R. S. Rao and S. H. Sreeramulu, 1986 - Flora of Srikakulam District
    • H. O. Saxena and M. Brahmam, 1989 - The Flora of Similipahar (Similipal), Orissa
    • N.P.Singh, 1988. Flora of Eastern Karnataka
    • Matthew, K.M., Flora of Tamil Nadu Carnatic, Vol.3 (1). Diocesan Press, Madras. 1983
    • Sasidharan, N. 2011. Flowering plants of Kerala. DVD, V 2, KFRI.
  • Read more :
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Deepak Kumar (2024). India Flora Online. http://indiafloraonline-ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Desmodium triflorum. Downloaded on 25 May 2024.

Botanical Description

Herbarium Specimen(s)

Line Drawings

Field Image(s)

Habitat

India Distribution

World Distribution

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