Desmodium motorium (Houtt.) Merr.

 
  • Family : FABACEAE
    (Pea Or Bean Family)
  • Family (Hindi name) : PALASH FAMILY (पलाश फैमिली)
  • Family (as per The APG System III) : Leguminosae
  • Subfamily : Faboideae
  • Synonym(s) : Codariocalyx gyrans (L.f.) Hassk.; Codariocalyx motorius var. glaber X.Y.Zhu & Y.F.Du; Codariocalyx motorius var. roylei (Wight & Arn.) Ohashi; Desmodium gyrans (L.f.) DC.; Desmodium motorium (Houtt.) Merr.; Desmodium roylei Wight & Arn.; Hedysarum gyrans L.f.; Hedysarum motorium Houtt.; Hedysarum saliens Salisb.; Meibomia gyrans (L.f.) Kuntze; Pseudarthria gyrans (L.f.) Hassk.
  • Species Name (as per The IPNI) : Codariocalyx motorius (Houtt.) H.Ohashi
  • Common name : Indian telegraphic plant, Semaphore Plant
  • Vernacular name :
    • Nagathakara, Thozhukanni, Ramanamapacha (Malayalam)
    • Nageswar, Ban chandal (Bengali)
    • Dudli (Hindi)
    • Aelemudure, Naagathagare, Nagar gare (Kannada)
    • Tolukanni (Tamil)
    • Thozhuganni, Touganni (Telugu)
    • Tuani-themtang (Mizo)
  • Habit : Erect shrub
  • Habitat : On dry banks, 300 - 1650 m. altitude
  • Comments / notes : The Telegraph plant owes its name to the fact that the leaflets especially the lateral ones when exposed to sunlight exhibit spontaneous jerky movements. Sometimes cultivated as an ornamental.
  • Flower, Fruit : August-October
  • Distribution :
    • Uttarakhand : Uttarakhand
  • Native : Bangladesh, Bhutan, Borneo, Cambodia, China, East Himalaya, India, Jawa, Laos, Malaya, Myanmar, Nepal, Pakistan, Philippines, Sri Lanka, Sulawesi, Sumatera, Taiwan, Thailand, Tibet, Vietnam, West Himalaya
  • Exotic/Native : Native
  • World Distribution : Tropical and subtropical Asia
  • Literature :
    • Uniyal B.P., Sharma J.R., Choudhery U., Singh D.K. (2007). Flowering Plants of Uttarakhand: A Checklist. Bishen Singh Mahendra Pal Singh: 105
    • GRIERSON A.J.C. & LONG D.G. (1983). FLORA OF BHUTAN INCLUDING A RECORD OF PLANTS FROM SIKKIM Vol. 1: Part 3. ROYAL BOTANIC GARDEN, EDINBURGH: 670
  • Read more :
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Deepak Kumar (2024). India Flora Online. http://indiafloraonline-ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Desmodium motorium. Downloaded on 14 June 2024.

India Distribution

World Distribution

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