Derris scandens (Roxb.) Benth.

 
  • Family : FABACEAE
    (Pea Or Bean Family)
  • Family (Hindi name) : PALASH FAMILY (पलाश फैमिली)
  • Family (as per The APG System III) : Leguminosae
  • Subfamily : Faboideae
  • Basionym : Dalbergia scandens Roxb.
  • Synonym(s) : Pterocarpus scandens (Roxb.) Kuntze; Solori scandens (Roxb.) Sirich. & Adema; Brachypterum timorense (DC.) Benth.; Dalbergia robusta Miq. ex Benth.; Dalbergia timoriensis DC.; Dalbergia venusta Zipp. ex Span.; Deguelia timoriensis (DC.) Taub.; Derris scandens var. saharanpurensis (Thoth.) Thoth.; Derris scandens var. shanicus Thoth.; Derris scandens var. toppinii Thoth.; Derris timorensis (DC.) Pittier; Derris timorensis var. saharanpurensis Thoth.; Galedupa frutescens Blanco; Millettia litoralis Dunn; Pongamia coriacea Graham; Solori scandens var. saharanpurensis (Thoth.) Kottaim.
  • Species Name (as per The IPNI) : Brachypterum scandens (Roxb.) Wight & Arn. ex Miq.
  • Common name : Hog Creeper
  • Vernacular name :
    • Gonj (Hindi)
    • Handhi balli (Kannada)
    • Thekil, Thegil, Ponili, Tirani, Thirudankodi (Tamil)
    • Nallatiga, Choratalibadu, Chirukatige, Suruli, Mottasirili (Telugu)
    • Kentia, Kamocho, Mohagano (Oria)
    • Panivalli, Poonjali, Ponnamavalli (Malayalam)
  • Habit : Liana
  • Habitat : Tropical thorn forests, Tropical dry deciduous forests, Littoral and tidal swamp forests, sacred groves
  • Comments / notes : Occasional in plains and in scrub jungles along river banks to 750m.
  • Key identification features : Woody climber with imparipinnate leaves and white or pale rose flowers
  • Flower, Fruit : July-February
  • Collector(s) Name : K.Sankara Rao, Raja K.Swamy, Arun Singh R & Siddarth
  • Collection Date : 26/10/2014
  • Collection Nos : HJCB-0122
  • Collection Locality : Bakharapet ghat, Talakona-Tirupati road, Chittoor district (AP)
  • Distribution :
    • Andhra Pradesh : Nellore district, Prakasam district, Kurnool district, Guntur district, East Godavari district, Srikakulam district, West Godavari district, Chittoor district, Kadapa district
    • Kerala : All districts of Kerala
    • Odisha : Ganjam district, Jagatsinghpur district, Puri district, Khurda district
    • Tamil Nadu : All districts of Tamil Nadu
    • Uttarakhand : Uttarakhand
    • Himachal Pradesh : Himachal Pradesh
    • Meghalaya : Meghalaya
    • Assam : Assam
    • Nagaland : Nagaland
    • Jammu and Kashmir : Jammu and Kashmir
    • Mizoram : Mizoram
    • Andaman and Nicobar Islands : Andaman and Nicobar Island
    • Manipur : Manipur
    • Tripura : Tripura
  • Native : Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Australia, Bangladesh, Borneo, Cambodia, China, India, Jawa, Laos, Lesser Sunda Islands, Malaya, Maluku, Myanmar, Nepal, New Guinea, Philippines, Sri Lanka, Sulawesi, Sumatera, Thailand, Vietnam
  • Exotic/Native : Native
  • World Distribution : Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Australia, Bangladesh, Borneo, Cambodia, China, India, Jawa, Laos, Lesser Sunda Islands, Malaya, Maluku, Myanmar, Nepal, New Guinea, Philippines, Sri Lanka, Sulawesi, Sumatera, Thailand, Vietnam
  • Conservation Status : Least Concern (LC)
  • Literature :
    • Pullaiah et al., 2001 - Flora of Eastern Ghats Vol. 2
    • J.L.Ellis, 1987- Flora of Nallamalais Vol. 1
    • R. S. Rao et al., 1986 - Flora of West Godavari District
    • R. S. Rao and S. H. Sreeramulu, 1986 - Flora of Srikakulam District
    • IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.1.
    • Matthew, K.M., Flora of Tamil Nadu Carnatic, Vol.3 (1). Diocesan Press, Madras. 1983
    • Sasidharan, N. 2011. Flowering plants of Kerala. DVD, V 2, KFRI
    • Henry, Kumari & Chithra (1983). Flora of Tamil Nadu, India vol. 1.
    • Parkinson, C.E. 1923. A Forest Flora of the Andaman Islands, Govt. of India, Shimla
    • 148
  • Read more :
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Deepak Kumar (2024). India Flora Online. http://indiafloraonline-ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Derris scandens. Downloaded on 27 May 2024.

Botanical Description

Herbarium Specimen(s)

Line Drawings

Field Image(s)

Habitat

India Distribution

World Distribution

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