Datura metel L.

 
  • Family : SOLANACEAE
    (Nightshade Family)
  • Family (Hindi name) : BAINGAN FAMILY (बैंगन फैमिली)
  • Family (as per The APG System III) : Solanaceae
  • Synonym(s) : Datura fastuosa L.; Datura alba Rumph. ex Nees
  • Species Name (as per The IPNI) : Datura metel L.
  • Common name : Thorn Apple, Devils Weed, Datura, Jimpson Weed
  • Vernacular name :
    • Dhattura, Kala Dhattura, Sadah Dhatura (Hindi)
    • Daturi, Ummati (Kannada)
    • Karu-oommatthai (Tamil)
    • Ummetha (Telugu)
    • Kaladudura, Dadura, Dudura (Oria)
    • Dhatturah, Dhusturah (Sanskrit)
    • Kala-Dhotra (Marathi)
    • Madanam, Karucoomatha, Kariymmatta, Karummattu, Neelaummam, Omathinkai, Ummam (Malayalam)
  • Habit : Shrub
  • Habitat : Degraded Tropical dry deciduous forests and Tropical moist deciduous forests and wastelands
  • Comments / notes : Often grows on plains to 1500m on hills.
  • Flower, Fruit : Throughout the year
  • Distribution :
    • Andhra Pradesh : Anantapur district, Chittoor district, Kadapa district, East Godavari district, Guntur district, Krishna district, Kurnool district, Nellore district, Prakasam district, Srikakulam district, Vishakapatnam district, Vizianagaram district, West Godavari district
    • Telangana : Nalgonda district, Khammam district, Mehboobnagar district
    • Karnataka : Ballari district, Kolar district, Chamarajanagar district
    • Kerala : All districts of Kerala
    • Maharashtra : Akola district
    • Odisha : Angul district, Balasore district, Bargarh district, Bolangir district, Boudh district, Cuttack district, Deogarh district, Dhenkanal district, Gajapati district, Ganjam district, Kalhandi district, Kandhamal district, Kendrapara district, Keonjhar district, Khurda district, Koraput district, Malkangiri district, Mayurbhanj district, Puri district, Rayagada district, Sambalpur district, Sundergarh district
    • Tamil Nadu : Coimbatore district, Dindigul district, Dharmapuri district, Kanchipuram (Changalpattu-CGP) district, Karur district, Krishnagiri district, Madurai district, Namakkal district, Pudukkottai district, Sivaganga district, Salem district, Tiruchirapalli district, Tiruvannamalai district, Villipuram district, Vellore district
    • Himachal Pradesh : Kinnaur district
  • Native : Old World tropics
  • World Distribution : Paleotropics
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Literature :
    • Pullaiah et al., 2011 - Flora of Eastern Ghats Vol. 4
    • H.O. Saxena & M. Brahmam, 1995- Flora of Orissa Vol. 2
    • R. S. Rao et al., 1986 - Flora of West Godavari District
    • R. S. Rao and S. H. Sreeramulu, 1986 - Flora of Srikakulam District
    • H. O. Saxena and M. Brahmam, 1989 - The Flora of Similipahar (Similipal), Orissa
    • N.P.Singh, 1988. Flora of Eastern Karnataka
    • Matthew, K.M., The Flora of Tamil Nadu Carnatic, Vol.3 (1). Diocesan Press, Madras. 1983
    • Sasidharan, N. 2011. Flowering plants of Kerala. DVD, V 2, KFRI
    • Kamble & Pradhan, 1988. Flora of Akola District, Maharashtra. Botanical Survey of India
  • Read more :
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Deepak Kumar (2024). India Flora Online. http://indiafloraonline-ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Datura metel. Downloaded on 27 May 2024.

Botanical Description

Herbarium Specimen(s)

Line Drawings

Field Image(s)

India Distribution

World Distribution

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