Dalbergia sissoo Roxb.

 
  • Family : FABACEAE
    (Pea Or Bean Family)
  • Family (Hindi name) : PALASH FAMILY (पलाश फैमिली)
  • Family (as per The APG System III) : Leguminosae
  • Subfamily : Faboideae
  • Synonym(s) : Amerimnon sissoo (Roxb.) O.Ktze.
  • Species Name (as per The IPNI) : Dalbergia sissoo Roxb.
  • Common name : North Indian Rosewood, Indiana dalbergia, Shisham, Sissoo
  • Vernacular name :
    • Sisam, Sissu, Sheesham (Hindi)
    • Biradi (Kannada)
    • Thaesi maram, Sisu-itii, Gette (Tamil)
    • Sissoo, Sensupa, Errasissu (Telugu)
    • Sissoo, Simsapa (Oria)
    • Kushimshipa (Sanskrit)
    • Sisvi (Marathi)
    • Himalayan-eetti, Iruvil, Seesam (Malayalam)
  • Habit : Tree
  • Habitat : Planted
  • Comments / notes : Occasional on plains up to 900m. Often planted for the valuable timber. Timber used for building purposes
  • Key identification features : Leaves compound, broadly ovate or nearly round, tapering; Inflorescence panicle; Flower yellowish white.
  • Flower, Fruit : January-April (Fl.); Marchch onwards (Fr.)
  • Collector(s) Name : S.B. Manohar, K.R. Keshava Murthy
  • Collection Date : 19/06/1979
  • Collection Nos : KFP 8213
  • Collection Locality : On bank of river, Kudatini, Bellary district
  • Distribution :
    • Karnataka : Ballari district, Bengaluru district
    • Kerala : Palakkad district, Thrissur district, Ernakulam district, Alappuzha district
    • Maharashtra : Akola district, Thane district
    • Odisha : Odisha
    • Tamil Nadu : Kanchipuram (Changalpattu-CGP) district, Dharmapuri district, Salem district, Villipuram district, Cuddalore district, Tiruchirapalli district
    • Uttarakhand : Uttarakhand
    • Sikkim : Sikkim
    • Himachal Pradesh : Himachal Pradesh
    • Arunachal Pradesh : Arunachal Pradesh
    • Meghalaya : Meghalaya
    • Assam : Assam
    • Nagaland : Nagaland
    • Mizoram : Mizoram
    • Manipur : Manipur
    • Tripura : Tripura
  • Native : Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Iran, Myanmar, Nepal, Pakistan
  • Exotic/Native : Native
  • World Distribution : Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Iran, Myanmar, Nepal, Pakistan
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Literature :
    • Pullaiah et al., 2001 - Flora of Eastern Ghats Vol. 2
    • H.O. Saxena & M. Brahmam, 1994- Flora of Orissa Vol. 1
    • N.P.Singh, 1988. Flora of Eastern Karnataka
    • Matthew, K.M., Flora of Tamil Nadu Carnatic, Vol.3 (1). Diocesan Press, Madras. 1983
    • Sasidharan, N. 2011. Flowering plants of Kerala. DVD, V 2, KFRI
    • Henry, Kumari & Chithra (1983). Flora of Tamil Nadu, India vol. 1
    • Kamble & Pradhan, 1988. Flora of Akola District, Maharashtra. Botanical Survey of India
  • Read more :
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Deepak Kumar (2024). India Flora Online. http://indiafloraonline-ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Dalbergia sissoo. Downloaded on 20 May 2024.

Botanical Description

Herbarium Specimen(s)

Line Drawings

Field Image(s)

India Distribution

World Distribution

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