Ailanthus excelsa Roxb.

 
  • Family : SIMAROUBACEAE
    (Quassia Family)
  • Family (Hindi name) : HINGOT FAMILY (हिंगोट फैमिली)
  • Family (as per The APG System III) : Simaroubaceae
  • Synonym(s) : Ailanthus wightii Tiegh.; Pongelion excelsum (Roxb.) Pierre
  • Species Name (as per The IPNI) : Ailanthus excelsa Roxb.
  • Common name : Indian Tree of Heaven, Coramandel ailanto
  • Vernacular name :
    • Maharuk, Ghorneem (Hindi)
    • Heb'bevu (Kannada)
    • Perumaram, Peruppi (Tamil)
    • Pedda maanu (Telugu)
    • Mahanim, Mahal, Mahalimba (Oria)
    • Ghod-limb, Maharukh (Marathi)
    • Matti, Mattipongilyam, Peemaram, Perumaram, Pongiliam, Peruppi, Sali, Swaali (Malayalam)
  • Habit : Tree
  • Habitat : Tropical dry deciduous forests
  • Comments / notes : The aromatic and bitter bark and leaves are used medicinally and wood is used for light articles, such as drums, swords-sheaths and floats for fishing nets
  • Key identification features : Bark light greyish-brown, fibrous or granular, rough. leaflets coarsely toothed , petals glabrous. Filaments shorter than the anthers. Samara twisted at the base
  • Flower, Fruit : January-June
  • Distribution :
    • Andhra Pradesh : East Godavari district, Kurnool district, Vishakapatnam district
    • Karnataka : Bengaluru district, Belagavi district, Bidar district, Chitradurga district, Kalaburagi (Gulbarga) district, Kodagu (Coorg) district, Mysuru district, Tumakuru district
    • Kerala : Wayanad district, Palakkad district, Idukki district, Pathanamthitta district
    • Maharashtra : All districts of Maharashtra
    • Odisha : Ganjam district
    • Tamil Nadu : Coimbatore district, Dharmapuri district, Kanyakumari district, Madurai district, Salem district, Tiruchirapalli district
    • Delhi : Vasant Kunj
    • Haryana : Gurgaon district
  • Native : Indian Subcontinent, Andaman Islands
  • Exotic/Native : Native
  • World Distribution : Andaman, Bangladesh, India, Sri Lanka, West Himalaya, Botswana, and Sudan
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Literature :
    • Maheshwari K.J (1963). Flora of Delhi: 97
    • Parker R.N. (1973). A Forest Flora for the Punjab with Hazara & Delhi: 68
    • Duthie J.F.(1960). Flora of The Upper Gangetic Plain Vol.1: 136
    • Pullaiah et al., 2002 - Flora of Eastern Ghats Vol. 1
    • J.L.Ellis, 1987- Flora of Nallamalais Vol. 1
    • H.O. Saxena & M. Brahmam, 1994- Flora of Orissa Vol. 1
    • R. S. Rao et al., 1986 - Flora of West Godavari District
    • R. S. Rao and S. H. Sreeramulu, 1986 - Flora of Srikakulam District
    • Matthew, K.M., Flora of Tamil Nadu Carnatic, Vol.3 (1). Diocesan Press, Madras. 1983
    • Sasidharan, N. 2011. Flowering plants of Kerala. DVD, V 2, KFRI
    • N.P. Sing & S. Karthikeyan 2000. Flora of Maharastra vol 1. Botanical survey of India, Govt. India
    • Saldanha, 1996
    • Ramaswamy & Razi, 1973 - Flora of Bangalore district, Karnataka state
    • Seetharam et al., 2000 - Gulbarga
    • Rao & Razi, 1981 – Flora of Mysore.
  • Read more :
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Deepak Kumar (2024). India Flora Online. http://indiafloraonline-ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Ailanthus excelsa. Downloaded on 25 May 2024.

Botanical Description

Herbarium Specimen(s)

Field Image(s)

Habitat

India Distribution

World Distribution

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