Croton bonplandianus Baill.

 
  • Family : EUPHORBIACEAE
    (Spurge Family)
  • Family (Hindi name) : AMLA FAMILY (आँवला फैमिली)
  • Family (as per The APG System III) : Euphorbiaceae
  • Synonym(s) : Croton sparsiflorus Morong
  • Species Name (as per The IPNI) : Croton bonplandianus Baill.
  • Common name : Railway Weed, Riverside Weed, Ban tulsi
  • Vernacular name :
    • Utti gida (Kannada)
    • Reil poondu, Aatthuppoondu (Tamil)
    • Railpondu (Telugu)
    • Banmirchi, Banmircho (Oria)
    • Pichhi chettu, Gallivenachettu (Telugu)
    • Kala Bhangra (Hindi)
  • Habit : Herb
  • Habitat : Grows abundance on fallow fields, dry unused lands and along roadside
  • Comments / notes : An introduced species; ready colonizer
  • Flower, Fruit : Throughout the year
  • Distribution :
    • Andhra Pradesh : Throughout Andhra Pradesh
    • Karnataka : Chikkamagaluru district, Dakshina Kannada district, Shivamogga district, Uttara Kannada district, Udupi district
    • Kerala : All districts of Kerala
    • Maharashtra : Akola district
    • Odisha : Throughout Odisha
    • Haryana : Gurgaon district
  • Native : temperate South America
  • Exotic/Native : Exotic
  • World Distribution : Naturalized in paleotropics
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Literature :
    • H.O. Saxena & M. Brahmam, 1995- Flora of Orissa Vol. 3
    • R. S. Rao et al., 1986 - Flora of West Godavari District
    • R. S. Rao and S. H. Sreeramulu, 1986 - Flora of Srikakulam District
    • H. O. Saxena and M. Brahmam, 1989 - The Flora of Similipahar (Similipal), Orissa
    • N.P.Singh, 1988. Flora of Eastern Karnataka
    • Matthew, K.M., The Flora of Tamil Nadu Carnatic, Vol.3 (2). Diocesan Press, Madras. 1983
    • Sasidharan, N. 2011. Flowering plants of Kerala. DVD, V 2, KFRI.
    • Maheshwari K.J (1963). Flora of Delhi: 315-316
  • Read more :
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Deepak Kumar (2024). India Flora Online. http://indiafloraonline-ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Croton bonplandianus. Downloaded on 25 May 2024.

Botanical Description

Herbarium Specimen(s)

Line Drawings

Field Image(s)

India Distribution

World Distribution

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