Crotalaria juncea L.

 
  • Family : FABACEAE
    (Pea Or Bean Family)
  • Family (Hindi name) : PALASH FAMILY (पलाश फैमिली)
  • Family (as per The APG System III) : Leguminosae
  • Subfamily : Faboideae
  • Species Name (as per The IPNI) : Crotalaria juncea L.
  • Common name : Sunn Hemp, Bombay Hemp, Bengal Hemp, Brown Hemp, Indian Hemp, Madras Hemp
  • Vernacular name :
    • Masina, Sannai Sunn (Hindi)
    • Sanppu, Janupa, Sanalnar, Sanarppai (Tamil)
    • Shanama, Janumu, Gilaka, Gili Ginta (Telugu)
    • Choni, Chanapata (Oria)
    • Jenapavera, Pulivanji (Sanskrit)
    • Chanaka, Chanambu, Dhunam, Kattuthanatalakatta, Pulivanni, Sanam, Wuckoonar (Malayalam)
  • Habit : Herb
  • Habitat : All types of forests and plains
  • Comments / notes : A good fodder crop and used as a green manure
  • Key identification features : Leaves simple, linear or oblong, blunt or somewhat pointed, apiculate; Flowers bright yellow.
  • Flower, Fruit : August-May
  • Collector(s) Name : K.Sankara Rao, Raja K.Swamy & Arun singh
  • Collection Date : 19/11/2014
  • Collection Nos : HJCB-E-95
  • Collection Locality : Palamaner forest range, Chittoor district (AP)
  • Distribution :
    • Andhra Pradesh : Anantapur district, Chittoor district, Kadapa district, East Godavari district, Guntur district, Krishna district, Kurnool district, Nellore district, Prakasam district, Srikakulam district, Vishakapatnam district, Vizianagaram district, West Godavari district
    • Telangana : Nalgonda district, Khammam district, Mehboobnagar district
    • Karnataka : All districts of Karnataka
    • Kerala : All districts of Kerala
    • Maharashtra : Thane district
    • Odisha : Angul district, Balasore district, Bargarh district, Bolangir district, Boudh district, Cuttack district, Deogarh district, Dhenkanal district, Gajapati district, Ganjam district, Kalhandi district, Kandhamal district, Kendrapara district, Keonjhar district, Khurda district, Koraput district, Malkangiri district, Mayurbhanj district, Puri district, Rayagada district,Sambalpur district, Sundergarh district
    • Tamil Nadu : Coimbatore district, Dindigul district, Dharmapuri district, Kanchipuram (Changalpattu-CGP) district, Karur district, Krishnagiri district, Madurai district, Namakkal district, Pudukkottai district, Sivaganga district, Salem district, Tiruchirapalli district, Tiruvannamalai district, Villipuram district, Vellore district
  • Native : Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Cambodia, India, Laos, Myanmar, Pakistan, Thailand, Vietnam
  • Exotic/Native : Native
  • World Distribution : Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Cambodia, India, Laos, Myanmar, Pakistan, Thailand, Vietnam
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Literature :
    • Pullaiah et al., 2001 - Flora of Eastern Ghats Vol. 2
    • H.O. Saxena & M. Brahmam, 1994- Flora of Orissa Vol. 1
    • R. S. Rao and S. H. Sreeramulu, 1986 - Flora of Srikakulam District
    • N.P.Singh, 1988. Flora of Eastern Karnataka
    • Matthew, K.M., Flora of Tamil Nadu Carnatic, Vol.3 (1). Diocesan Press, Madras. 1983
    • Sasidharan, N. 2011. Flowering plants of Kerala. DVD, V 2, KFRI
    • Saldanha & Nicolson, 1976 – Flora of Hassan district
    • Cecil J. Saldanha, S. R. Ramesh (1984). Flora of Karnatka State vol. 1. Oxford and IBH Publishing Co, New Delhi
    • Ramaswamy & Razi, 1973 - Flora of Bangalore district, Karnataka state
    • Seetharam et al., 2000 - Gulbarga
    • Rao & Razi, 1981 - Mysore
    • Gopalakrishna Bhat, 2003 - Udupi
    • Manjunath et al., 2003 - Davanagere
  • Read more :
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Deepak Kumar (2024). India Flora Online. http://indiafloraonline-ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Crotalaria juncea. Downloaded on 27 May 2024.

Botanical Description

Herbarium Specimen(s)

Field Image(s)

India Distribution

World Distribution

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