Crocus sativus L.

 
  • Family : IRIDACEAE
    (Saffron Family)
  • Family (Hindi name) : KESAR FAMILY (केसर फैमिली)
  • Family (as per The APG System III) : Iridaceae
  • Synonym(s) : Crocus autumnalis Sm.; Crocus officinalis (L.) Honck.; Crocus orsinii Parl.; Crocus pendulus Stokes; Crocus sativus var. officinalis L.; Crocus setifolius Stokes; Geanthus autumnalis Raf.; Safran officinarum Medik.
  • Species Name (as per The IPNI) : Crocus sativus L.
  • Habit : Herb
  • Comments / notes : This short plant has purple to lavender flowers that appear in fall for a 1-2 week period when the saffron spice can be collected. Each corm produces several flowers. The leaves are narrow and grass-like and appear shortly before flowering.
  • Distribution :
    • Jammu and Kashmir : Kashmir
  • Native : Czechoslovakia, Iran, Italy, Morocco, Pakistan, Spain, Turkey, West Himalaya, India
  • Exotic/Native : Native
  • Literature :
    • Photographs of Dr. M Sanjappa
  • Read more :
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Deepak Kumar (2024). India Flora Online. http://indiafloraonline-ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Crocus sativus. Downloaded on 17 June 2024.

India Distribution

World Distribution

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