Coccinia grandis (L.) Voigt

 
  • Family : CUCURBITACEAE
    (Gourd Or Melon Family)
  • Family (Hindi name) : KHARBOOZA FAMILY (खरबूजा फैमिली)
  • Family (as per The APG System III) : Cucurbitaceae
  • Synonym(s) : Coccinia indica Wight & Arn.
  • Species Name (as per The IPNI) : Coccinia grandis (L.) Voigt
  • Common name : Ivy Gourd, Scarlet gourd, Tindora
  • Vernacular name :
    • Bimb, Kanturi, Kundri (Hindi)
    • Thonde balli (Kannada)
    • Kovai (Tamil)
    • Tonda kaaya, Donda kaaya, Kaayi donda (Telugu)
    • Bano kundri, Kundri (Oria)
    • Bimbi, Bimbika (Sanskrit)
    • Tondli (Marathi)
    • Kova, Koval (Malayalam)
  • Habit : Climber
  • Habitat : Tropical dry deciduous forests, wasteland, also cultivated
  • Comments / notes : Often in plains to 500m. Common in wasteland and thickets. Fruits are edible and used in traditional cooking.
  • Key identification features : Glabrous. Tendrils slender, simple. Leaves palmately 5-nerved, cordate. Female flowers with staminodes, yellow. Fruit ellipsoid, outer layer fibrous, ripe from tip, red when ripe.
  • Flower, Fruit : Throughout the year
  • Distribution :
    • Andhra Pradesh : Anantapur district, Chittoor district, Kadapa district, East Godavari district, Guntur district, Krishna district, Kurnool district, Nellore district, Prakasam district, Srikakulam district, Vishakapatnam district, Vizianagaram district, West Godavari district
    • Telangana : Nalgonda district, Khammam district, Mehboobnagar district
    • Karnataka : Ballari district, Chamarajanagar district, Kolar district
    • Kerala : All districts of Kerala
    • Maharashtra : Akola district
    • Odisha : Angul district, Balasore district, Bargarh district, Bolangir district, Boudh district, Cuttack district, Deogarh district, Dhenkanal district, Gajapati district, Ganjam district, Kalhandi district, Kandhamal district, Kendrapara district, Keonjhar district, Khurda district, Koraput district, Malkangiri district, Mayurbhanj district, Puri district, Rayagada district,Sambalpur district, Sundergarh district
    • Tamil Nadu : Coimbatore district, Dindigul district, Dharmapuri district, Kanchipuram (Changalpattu-CGP) district, Karur district, Krishnagiri district, Madurai district, Namakkal district, Pudukkottai district, Sivaganga district, Salem district, Tiruchirapalli district, Tiruvannamalai district, Villipuram district, Vellore district
  • World Distribution : Tropical & sub-tropics of the World
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Literature :
    • Pullaiah et al., 2007 - Flora of Eastern Ghats Vol. 3
    • J.L.Ellis, 1987- Flora of Nallamalais Vol. 1
    • H.O. Saxena & M. Brahmam, 1995- Flora of Orissa Vol. 2
    • R. S. Rao et al., 1986 - Flora of West Godavari District
    • R. S. Rao and S. H. Sreeramulu, 1986 - Flora of Srikakulam District
    • H. O. Saxena and M. Brahmam, 1989 - The Flora of Similipahar (Similipal), Orissa
    • N.P.Singh, 1988. Flora of Eastern Karnataka
    • Matthew, K.M., Flora of Tamil Nadu Carnatic, Vol.3 (1). Diocesan Press, Madras. 1983
    • N.P. Sing & S. Karthikeyan 2000. Flora of Maharastra vol 1. Botanical survey of India, Govt. India
    • Sasidharan, N. 2011. Flowering plants of Kerala. DVD, V 2, KFRI.
  • Read more :
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Deepak Kumar (2024). India Flora Online. http://indiafloraonline-ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Coccinia grandis. Downloaded on 21 May 2024.

Botanical Description

Herbarium Specimen(s)

Line Drawings

Field Image(s)

Habitat

India Distribution

World Distribution

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