Cissampelos pareira var. hirsuta (Buch-Ham. ex DC.) Forman

 
  • Family : MENISPERMACEAE
    (Moonseed Family)
  • Family (Hindi name) : GILOY FAMILY (गिलोय फैमिली
  • Family (as per The APG System III) : Menispermaceae
  • Basionym : Cissampelos pareira
  • Synonym(s) : Cissampelos acuminata Benth.; Cissampelos argentea Kunth; Cissampelos auriculata Miers; Cissampelos australis A.St.-Hil.; Cissampelos benthamiana Miers; Cissampelos boivinii Baill.;Cissampelos bojeriana Miers; Cissampelos caapeba L.; Cissampelos canescens Miq.; Cissampelos cocculus Poir.; Cissampelos consociata Miers; Cissampelos convolvulacea Willd.; Cissampelos cordifolia Bojer; Cissampelos cumingiana Turcz.; Cissampelos delicatula Miers; Cissampelos diffusa Miers; Cissampelos discolor DC.; Cissampelos discolor A.Gray; Cissampelos diversa Miers; Cissampelos elata Miers; Cissampelos ellenbeckii Diels; Cissampelos eriantha Miers; Cissampelos eriocarpa Triana & Planch.; Cissampelos glaucescens Triana & Planch.; Cissampelos gracilis A.St.-Hil.; Cissampelos grallatoria Miers; Cissampelos guayaquilensis Kunth; Cissampelos haenkeana C.Presl; Cissampelos hederacea Miers; Cissampelos heterophylla DC.; Cissampelos hirsutissima C.Presl; Cissampelos kohautiana C.Presl; Cissampelos limbata Miers; Cissampelos littoralis A.St.-Hil.; Cissampelos littoralis var. minutiflora A.St.-Hil. & Tul.; Cissampelos longipes Miers; Cissampelos madagascariensis Miers; Cissampelos madagascariensis (Baill.) Diels; Cissampelos mauritiana Thouars; Cissampelos microcarpa DC.; Cissampelos monoica A.St.-Hil.; Cissampelos myriocarpa Triana & Planch.; Cissampelos nepalensis Rhodes; Cissampelos nephrophylla Bojer; Cissampelos obtecta Wall. ex Miers; Cissampelos orinocensis Kunth; Cissampelos pannosa Turcz.; Cissampelos pareira var. australis (A.St.-Hil.) Diels; Cissampelos pareira var. caapeba (L.) Eichler; Cissampelos pareira f. emarginatomucronata Chodat & Hassl.; Cissampelos pareira var. gardneri Diels; Cissampelos pareira f. reniformis Chodat & Hassl.; Cissampelos pareira var. tamoides (Willd. ex DC.) Diels; Cissampelos pareira var. typica Diels; Cissampelos pareira var. wildei Benv.; Cissampelos pareiroides DC.; Cissampelos pata Roxb. ex Wight & Arn.; Cissampelos perrieri Diels; Cissampelos pilgeri Diels; Cissampelos poilanei Gagnep.; Cissampelos reticulata Borhidi; Cissampelos salzmannii Turcz.; Cissampelos subpeltata Thwaites; Cissampelos subreniformis Triana & Planch. Cissampelos tamoides Willd. ex DC.; Cissampelos testudinum Miers; Cissampelos tetrandra Roxb.; Cissampelos pareira var. haenkeana (C.Presl) Diels; Cissampelos pareira var. laevis Diels; Cissampelos pareira var. monoica (A.St.-Hil.) Eichler; Cissampelos pareira var. racemiflora Eichler; Cissampelos tomentosa DC.; Cissampelos violifolia Rusby Cocculus membranaceus Wall.; Cyclea madagascariensis (Miers) Baill.; Dissopetalum mauritianum (Thouars) Miers; Pericampylus membranaceus (Wall.) Miers; Pericampylus membranaceus Miers; Stephania convolvulacea Miers
  • Species Name (as per The IPNI) : Cissampelos pareira L.
  • Common name : Velvet Leaf Pareira
  • Vernacular name :
    • Harjori, Akanadi (Hindi)
    • Padvali (Kannada)
    • Patha (Sanskrit)
    • Pahadvel (Marathi)
    • Tingi teega, Semayeru, Adivibakatige (Telugu)
    • Appatta (Tamil)
    • Akanbindi, Okanbindu, Paru, Pitusing, Shantimul, Ghodakuri, Duapar (Oria)
    • Pahadbel, Kuruphad, Pahadmul, Tahadvel, Tannivel (Marathi)
    • Karanakody, Malathangi, Pambuveru (Malayalam)
  • Habit : Climber
  • Habitat : Tropical moist deciduous forests, Tropical dry deciduous forests, also in the plains
  • Comments / notes : Common in forests and along edges. Whole plant is medicinal. Roots are diuretic. One of the ingredients in Dashmularishta.
  • Key identification features : Twining Shrub; Leaves ovate-orbicular; Flowers minute, greenish yellow; Drupes 4-6 mm across, globose, deep red when ripe.
  • Flower, Fruit : April-October
  • Collector(s) Name : Arun Singh R, Raja K.Swamy & Rajasri Ray
  • Collection Date : 12-09-2014; 12-09-2014
  • Collection Nos : HJCB-E-40; HJCB-0033
  • Collection Locality : Kavalur Observatory, Jawadhu Hills, Tiruvannamalai district (TN); Alangayam RF, Tiruvannamalai district (TN)
  • Distribution :
    • Andhra Pradesh : Anantapur district, Chittoor district, Kadapa district, East Godavari district, Guntur district, Krishna district, Kurnool district, Nellore district, Prakasam district, Srikakulam district, Vishakapatnam district, Vizianagaram district, West Godavari district
    • Telangana : Nalgonda district, Khammam district, Mehboobnagar district
    • Karnataka : Ballari district, Chamarajanagar district, Kolar district
    • Kerala : All districts of Kerala
    • Maharashtra : Nagpur district, Akola district, Ganpatipule (Ratnagiri)
    • Odisha : Angul district, Balasore district, Bargarh district, Bolangir district, Boudh district, Cuttack district, Deogarh district, Dhenkanal district, Gajapati district, Ganjam district, Kalhandi district, Kandhamal district, Kendrapara district, Keonjhar district, Khurda district, Koraput district, Malkangiri district, Mayurbhanj district, Puri district, Rayagada district,Sambalpur district, Sundergarh district
    • Tamil Nadu : Coimbatore district, Dindigul district, Dharmapuri district, Kanchipuram (Changalpattu-CGP) district, Karur district, Krishnagiri district, Madurai district, Namakkal district, Pudukkottai district, Sivaganga district, Salem district, Tiruchirapalli district, Tiruvannamalai district, Villipuram district, Vellore district
    • Gujarat : All district
    • West Bengal : West Bengal
    • Arunachal Pradesh : Changlang district, West Kameng district, East Kameng district, Siang district, Lohit district
    • Assam : Assam
  • Native : Aldabra, Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Argentina Northeast, Argentina Northwest, Aruba, Bahamas, Bangladesh, Belize, Bolivia, Borneo, Brazil, Cambodia, Cayman Islands, China, Colombia, Comoros, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Bhutan, Ecuador, El Salv
  • Exotic/Native : Native
  • World Distribution : India, Nepal, Bhutan, Bangladesh, Malaysia, Pakistan
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Literature :
    • Pullaiah et al., 2002 - Flora of Eastern Ghats Vol. 1
    • J.L.Ellis, 1987- Flora of Nallamalais Vol. 1
    • H.O. Saxena & M. Brahmam, 1994- Flora of Orissa Vol. 1
    • Matthew, K.M., Flora of Tamil Nadu Carnatic, Vol.3 (1). Diocesan Press, Madras. 1983
    • Sasidharan, N. 2011. Flowering plants of Kerala. DVD, V 2, KFRI
    • Henry, Kumari & Chithra (1983). Flora of Tamil Nadu, India vol. 1.
    • Shah G. L. (1978). Flora of Gujarat State Part 1. University Press Sardar Patel University: 53
    • P.K . Hajra ., D.M. Verma and G.S. Giri (1996). Materials For The Flora Of Arunachal Pradesh , Vol (1), Pg : 129
  • Read more :
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Deepak Kumar (2024). India Flora Online. http://indiafloraonline-ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Cissampelos pareira var. hirsuta. Downloaded on 27 May 2024.

Botanical Description

Herbarium Specimen(s)

Line Drawings

Field Image(s)

Habitat

India Distribution

World Distribution

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