Aerva javanica (Burm.f.) Juss. ex Schult.

 
  • Family : AMARANTHACEAE
    (Amaranth Family)
  • Family (Hindi name) : GARUNDI FAMILY (गरूण्डी फैमिली)
  • Family (as per The APG System III) : Amaranthaceae
  • Basionym : Iresine javanica Burm.f.
  • Synonym(s) : Aerva persica (Burm.f.) Merr.; Aerva tomentosa Forssk.
  • Species Name (as per The IPNI) : Aerva javanica (Burm.f.)Juss. ex Schult.
  • Common name : Desert Cotton, Kapok bush, Pillow-weed, snow bush
  • Vernacular name :
    • Safed bui (Hindi)
    • Doddahindi gida (Kannada)
    • Kondapindi kura (Telugu)
  • Habit : Shrub
  • Habitat : Common in waste places and unused ground near fields and the hilly tracts
  • Comments / notes : Often on plains in poor gravelly soil, scrub jungles, wayside, wasteland and by arable lands. The Female Plants are very common but the male are extremely rare. Leaves are sweet.
  • Key identification features : Bractsand bracteoles rounded, green with white margin. Flowers densely wolly oblong or linear spikes. Seeds dark brown polished
  • Flower, Fruit : December-February
  • Distribution :
    • Andhra Pradesh : All districts of Andhra Pradesh
    • Karnataka : Ballari district, Vijayapura (Bijapur) district, Dharwad district, GLB, Mysuru district
    • Kerala : Thiruvananthapuram district
    • Odisha : Ganjam district, Gajapati district
    • Tamil Nadu : Plains and foothills
    • Delhi : Vasant Kunj
    • Haryana : Gurgaon district
  • Native : Africa to Myanmar
  • Exotic/Native : Native
  • World Distribution : India , ceylon, Burma, Baluchistan, Arabia, Tropical Africa and Cape de Verde Islands
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Literature :
    • H.O. Saxena & M. Brahmam, 1995- Flora of Orissa Vol. 3
    • N.P.Singh, 1988. Flora of Eastern Karnataka
    • Matthew, K.M., The Flora of Tamil Nadu Carnatic, Vol.3 (2). Diocesan Press, Madras. 1983
    • Sasidharan, N. 2011. Flowering plants of Kerala. DVD, V 2, KFRI
    • Saldanha, 1984
    • Rao & Razi, 1981 – Mysore
    • Parker R.N. (1973). A Forest Flora for the Punjab with Hazara & Delhi: 144
    • Maheshwari K.J (1963). Flora of Delhi: 294
  • Read more :
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Deepak Kumar (2024). India Flora Online. http://indiafloraonline-ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Aerva javanica. Downloaded on 25 May 2024.

Botanical Description

Herbarium Specimen(s)

Line Drawings

Field Image(s)

India Distribution

World Distribution

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